КРЕДИТНОЕ ПОВЕДЕНИЕ ЗАЕМЩИКОВ В СЕКТОРЕ РОЗНИЧНОГО КРЕДИТОВАНИЯ: ОТРАСЛЕВОЙ АСПЕКТ
This article presents a comparative analysis of the credit behavior of borrowers in banking retail sector, depending on areas they work. Industries were identified in which the most and the least creditworthy borrowers work. We analyzed the impact of the crisis on the credit behavior of borrowers working in different industries. We revealed that the economic shock had a significant impact on the creditworthiness of employees of financial institutions and construction industry. But it was found that there was the most rapid restoration in these areas in the post-crisis period.
As other worldwide sourcing industries the retail sector is also prone to various forms of corruption. In particular large retail-chains doing business in developing countries are often faced with corrupt bureaucracy and struggle with dubious administrative processes. On the other hand the purchasing divisions of large retailers decide upon million dollar deals with their suppliers which may tempt manufacturers to pay bribes for winning the deal. While such forms of corruption may be found also for other businesses there are other practices which may be recognised as corruption which are typical in the retail sector. One of the most controversial discussions concerns the practice of so-called slotting fees which are charged to manufacturers as a contribution to the handling costs of the retailer. Since such fees are negotiated in secrecy and not broken down by categories of expenditure they are often seen as a bribery-like payment demanded for getting contracts or staying in business. In the following chapter we will analyze these practices from an economic perspective. We will provide some empirical findings on how such payments are assessed in practice and conclude with some ethical considerations concerning the practice and the effects of slotting fees.
This article focuses on the reverse mortgage as a tool to enhance the well-being of the elderly by providing a way to use owned and occupied real estate to generate income in retirement. We describe the key features and history of the reverse mortgage program in the United States, with a particular focus on the types of mortgages offered, state support for the program, consumer protection and lender regulation. We compare the US experience to that of the other countries with developed reverse mortgage markets, such as the UK, Australia and Canada.
New approaches of the Russian legislation and case-law of Russian supreme courts in financial services
The article analyzes the new Russian parliamentary law and judiciary approaches by the Supreme Court, the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation relating to bank lending. The author criticizes a number of new relevant courts decisions of this category, proving the invalidity of arguments of some of them. Also, the author argues the fallacy of the sharp differences in the approaches to the courts to assessment of legitimacy of separate contractual conditions of credit agreements between business and consumer loans.
We present an integrated framework for the study of the inter- national nancial economy with trade, at money, monetary and s- cal policy, endogenous default and regulation. Money is introduced via a cash-in-advance requirement and real trade is endogenous. The standard international nance pricing results obtain. Market incom- pleteness and positive default in equilibrium allow for the study of the transmission of default through the international nancial markets and imply a positive role for policy. Finally, we present an example where, due to the trade-o? between the non-pecuniary cost of default and the resulting allocation, a Pareto improvement occurs following an increase in interest rates.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.