Fernlesen mit Foucault? Überlegungen zur Praxis des distant reading und zur Operationalisierung von Foucaults Diskursanalyse
Our paper offers a critical examination of the concept and practice of Distant Reading, as coined by Franco Moretti in 2000. We consider several definitions of the term and look for possible operationalizations. It becomes clear that Distant Reading has largely been a theoretical vehicle or mere buzzword in the past one and a half decades that adapts only slowly to the practices and technological standards of the Digital Humanities. In the light of these findings, we conclude with an examination of the operational potential of Foucauldian discourse analysis.
This theoretical research is aimed to define the concept of infantilism and its time-development. The authors analyzed different psychological, pedagogical and psychiatric age periodizations, both domestic and foreign. The characteristics of infantilism in the current context can be define taking into account the increasing of information flows intensity and socio-economic changes. This leads new characteristics to appear in non-relevant age periods. As a result the existent classifications become out-of-date very fast.
In this paper the authors try to define and operationalize the concept of infantilism theoretically. The methods used in paper are analysis and synthesis. The age and content criteria are analysed in the context of childhood and adulthood. The authors describe the traits which can be interpreted as adult infantile traits, the characteristics of adult infantilism in modern world, increasing of information flows and socio-economic changes.
Consequently the authors formulate the definition of infantilism. Infantilism is a definite personal organization which retains previous age period traits and the way of behaviour. This behaviour models and traits are relevant to the earlier age but not relevant for the current new age period. Some basic characteristics of infantilism are highlighted: immaturity of emotional and volitional sphere, dependency, inability to take on new social roles which imply a certain kind of responsibility.
Adult objective characteristics are economic and territorial independence from parents’ family as well as the development of new social roles such as employee, spouse, and parent. Two possible kinds of concept operationalization can take place: objective (presence or absence of objective criteria of adulthood in person’s real life) and subjective (self-report of the subjective sense of presence or absence of maturity psychological characteristics).
The formulas of fragrances in the Persian classic literature and their semantic composition ("friend's scent", "Yusuf's scent" and "Uvays' scent ") -"terms" or "devices" of poets - are included in the lexical composition of the Persian language, they were often distinguished in the late medieval dictionaries in special sections. Examples of their use are considered in the article.
Possibilities and prospects of consecutive distribution of experience and methodology of technical engineering on sphere of social sciences and their application in social practice in the form of piecemeal social engineering, including creation and development of social mapping on the basis of modern concept mapping are considered. Changes in the content of education directed on maintenance of success of described innovative activity are offered.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.