СРАВНИТЕЛЬНЫЙ АНАЛИЗ СТРУКТУР ДАННЫХ ДЛЯ ПРИБЛИЖЕННОГО ПОИСКА БЛИЖАЙШЕГО СОСЕДА
The article substantiates comparative approach to study the culture of old age in modern Russia and China. Russian and Chinese cultures of old age are perceived as difficult semiotic spheres. The article demonstrates the role of national traditions in shaping the values of the culture of old age. The article reveals the role of dominant meanings and images in the dialog of generations against the background of modern globalization. The interaction of generations is within the context of archetypal images, cultural values and behavioral patterns. Communication between generations is a prerequisite for the realization of national idea in Russia and China.
The paper considers the problems of semantic derivation. The research is based on word-forming paradigms of Adjectives. Special attention is paid to comparative analyses of word-formation models in the Russian and French languages.
The article is essentially an analysis of supervision and oversight in the national payment system as the activities of the Bank of Russia. The essence of supervision and oversight in the light of the Draft Federal Law «On the national payment system» and international practice are analyzed. Moreover, for a more detailed consideration of oversight, it is compared with certain measures of banking supervision, such as preventive measures and credit organization curatorship.
Collection of articles devoted to various aspects of science in comparative post-Soviet countries and the analysis of the practical use of the comparative legal method to regulate criminal, international, administrative, civil relations, and so on.
The efficiency of social reforms in different countries mostly depends on the extent to which they can be accepted by people. Moreover, even if the problems are similar, the reasons may differ, which can lead to fail in applying existing laws of one state to another one. Bribery, as shows the Corruption Perception Index, calculated by Transparency International, is a typical problem for developing countries – that also matches research (Levin & Satarov, 2000; Ilzetzki, 2010) concluding that corruption has roots in socialist regimes and that in recently established political stability instable economic situation leads to growth in crime. The main problem within the scope of this project is to identify the relation between corruption perception and level of trust in the society and to distinguish the differences in factors affecting these characteristics in post-soviet countries. The research discoveres that distrust matters a lot for the problem in Russia and suggests further examining European countries in order to explain the difference in trust.
The fifth edition of "American Studies" is the result of activity of certain scientific laboratory - Center for the Study U.S. Kursk State University, so he opens with an article that characterizes his work. This edition includes articles: on topical issues in contemporary Russian American Studies. Collected together specialists from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kursk, Samara, Saransk, Saratov, Kirov, Bryansk, Nizhny Novgorod, Kaliningrad, as well as colleagues from Belarus (Minsk) and Ukraine (Kiev, Kirovograd, Lugansk). Its special feature is the collaboration of historians, linguists who study the United States. Problematic articles of interest for the variety and importance of scientific subjects dealt with in them. For the convenience of readers materials in the collection are divided into separate headings. Presented studies reflect the realities of domestic and foreign policy history of the U.S. XVIII-XXI centuries. As well as the sphere of American life such as history, literature, culture. A series of articles based on archival materials. In light of new approaches to the study of history should highlight the narrative, discursive approach, gender studies, comparative linguistics and multidisciplinary, achieve intellectual history. Materials: a collection designed for historians, researchers, teachers and higher secondary school students, bachelors, masters and PhD students, as well as anyone interested in the problems of U.S. history .
How are professors paid? Can the "best and brightest" be attracted to the academic profession? With universities facing international competition, which countries compensate their academics best, and which ones lag behind? Paying the Professoriate examines these questions and provides key insights and recommendations into the current state of the academic profession worldwide. Paying the Professoriate is the first comparative analysis of global faculty salaries, remuneration, and terms of employment. Offering an in-depth international comparison of academic salaries in twenty-eight countries across public, private, research, and non-research universities, chapter authors shed light on the conditions and expectations that shape the modern academic profession. The top researchers on the academic profession worldwide analyze common themes, trends, and the impact of these matters on academic quality and research productivity. In a world where higher education capacity is a key driver of national innovation and prosperity, and nations seek to fast-track their economic growth through expansion of higher education systems, policy makers and administrators increasingly seek answers about what actions they should be taking. Paying the Professoriate provides a much needed resource, illuminating the key issues and offering recommendations.
One of the most popular statements in the systemic transition literature since the second half of the 1990th is that different experiences of the CEE and Baltic states, on the one hand, and the most of the CIS countries, on the other hand, are embedded in different social norms and values, encouraging efforts in the new EU member states and preventing it in some of CIS countries.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.