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ВОЗМОЖНОСТИ ВСТРАИВАНИЯ В ГЛОБАЛЬНЫЕ ЦЕПОЧКИ СТОИМОСТИ ПОСРЕДСТВОМ НАЦИОНАЛЬНЫХ КЛАСТЕРОВ

Островская Е. Я., Мануйлов И. А.

In modern economic literature one can find quite a lot of publications, devoted to the innovative development of clusters and the processes of integration into global value chains (GVC). However, it remains outside the field of view of scientists remain features and mechanisms of interaction of these two structures. Do they support each other? Interchangeable do they? How do they contribute to the competitiveness of the participating firms and countries? These are just a few of those issues to which this article is written. The study revealed that the efficiency of incorporation into GCCS will strongly depend on the type embedded cluster, and the shape control of the individual links within the chain. In this regard, to explain the processes of interaction between companies suggests an institutional approach, where a special place is occupied by questions of moral hazard in the context of multiple goals, the effect of gauge, as well as developing long-term relational contracts between agents. Thus, through an integrated consideration of the motives of global suppliers and buyers, are a few recommendations on the use of clusters and GVC to sustain the competitiveness of countries.