The article analyses three issues. Firstly, how the culture of research universities in the series ‘The Big Bang Theory’ is designed based on the Honor Code Handbook of the California Institute of Technology. Secondly, the author observes the culture of pranks and jokes as an element of the tradition of American research universities — in comparison to cultural traditions of Russian universities. Third, he demonstrates, that one of the main patterns of constructing comic situations in the series is explaining the incommensurability of conceptual frameworks — the common language and the language of science.
The article touches approach of the modern Islamic legal thought to the Islamic state and caliphate. The author explains the fundamental principles if Islamic concept of the power (caliphate) and points out that this concept was gradually deviating from real political practice. The caliphate itself remained as a political institution till the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after the World War I. After emergence of Islamic State of Iraq and Levant (ISIL) the caliphate converted to concrete political project. In June 2014 ISIL which changed its name to become “Islamic State” (IS) declared creation of caliphate. In practice the Shariat implementation in IS comes to mass killings, forcing nonmuslims to adopt Islam, interference into internal life of Muslim states and terror attacks. The modern Islamic legal thought criticizes IS severely stressing on its violence of religious postulates and Shariat provisions.
The study is devoted to the hermeneutics of the series, as the most important component of modern cultural industries and media production in the framework of their philosophical, sociological and cultural-political analysis and interpretation. The research material was more than 60 series and more than 80 thematically related films. Series are considered as analytical models of various conditions: power, society, future, everyday life, apocalypse, metaphysics, politics, war, sex, madness, etc. The book will be interesting to everyone who deals with the phenomenon of mass culture and mass consciousness in the 21st century.