Mac Lane (co)homology of the second kind and Wieferich primes
In this paper we investigate the connection between the Mac Lane (co)homology and Wieferich primes in finite localizations of global number rings. Following the ideas of Polishchuk–Positselski , we define the Mac Lane (co)homology of the second kind of an associative ring with a central element. We compute these invariants for finite localizations of global number rings with an element w and obtain that the result is closely related to the Wieferich primes to the base w. In particular, for a given non-zero integer w, the infiniteness of Wieferich primes to the base w turns out to be equivalent to the following: for any positive integer n , we have View the MathML source. As an application of our technique, we identify the ring structure on the Mac Lane cohomology of a global number ring and compute the Adams operations (introduced in this case by McCarthy ) on its Mac Lane homology.