Модель анализа отношений личности на основе "принципа оппозиций"
The studies on personal relationships differ by the large diversity of the topics touched, methodological and theoretical approaches, empirical results and significant differences in practical value of discovered ideas and developed methods. The important gap is found among these studies though. This gap lies in construction of strict and holistic psychological models of relationships as well as in structure modeling of ways of their research and interpretation. Also the problem of oppositions in the structure of relationships and their processes and effects of realization poses very rarely in studies of relationships. It makes difficult to understand the collision of relationships, resources of their development and conditions of regress. The multidimensional and contradictory ties of relationships with culture, which define their axiological character, are among the unexplored issues.
Subjective treatment of oppositions influences the dynamics of cognition, ethical, esthetic, creative, reflective activity of personality in culture and in communication with other people. The analytical models, oriented to explication of these oppositions of relationships, are scarce among the tools of analysis of relationships in personal diagnostics, counseling and psychotherapy. The grounding of new points of view on the role of oppositions in life formation of axiological relationships, on elaboration of multivariate theoretical and hermeneutical models of analysis of relationships’ oppositions, on approbation and validation of models in the practice of individual cases, focused on detection of potentials of relationships’ development are needed in the perspective of evolution of psychological knowledge about personal relationships. The authors offer their own way to solve these tasks.