Региональная дифференциация условий формирования поступлений бюджета пенсионного фонда российской федерации
This article analyzes the differentiation of conditions of formation of budget revenues of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation due to the socio-economic characteristics of regions that influence the formation of the tax base. Rank correlation coefficients were calculated in terms of GRP per capita of subjects of the Russian Federation to assess the structural changes of regions on their mutual position of the period of 1995-2013. Studied in the territorial aspect of the relationship of wages by economic activity, sex, age and education. A direct relationship between the level of wages and economic activity, employment in the regions. As a recommendation to increase the self-sufficiency of territories offered to increase innovative activities and the realization of competitive advantages of the region.
Questions of differentiation of the population on a level of incomes in Republic Mary El are considered. Parameters of a variation and structure of the basic monetary incomes are analyses. Classification of administrative areas on the parameters describing incomes of the population is lead. The analysis of territorial distinctions of the population on levels of incomes is given. For more in-depth study of interrelation of the parameters describing differentiation of incomes of the population of Republic, on everyone allocated cluster are constructed regression models of a degree of influence of the parameters reflecting age structure of the population on a level of monthly average wages, pensions and social payments.
The article describes the main directions of the potential impact on the economy through state regulation of the labor cost. The article also shows the role of socio- economic forecasting and, in particular, the role of forecasting of the labor cost in processes of the public administration.
This paper with use of nationally representative data (RMLS-NRU HSE) in 2004-2012 examines the sectoral segregation between immigrant (persons with an immigration background) and native workers and its impact on earning differential in Russia. This is the first study on the micro-level in Russia about sectoral segregation and wage gap between natives and immigrants under its influence.
In this study we analyze the determinants of the choice of sector, estimate earning differences between natives and immigrants, define Duncan index of dissimilarity and measure the impact of sectoral segregation on earning differential between natives and immigrants using Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition.
The ‘VKontakte’ social network is increasingly becoming a useful source of data for studying many aspects of Russian social life. This research paper uses this source to investigate one of the most crucial issues for many young Russians – how successful are Russia’s leading universities in the employability rates of their graduates on completion of their studies. Official data from the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation show fairly high rates of employment, but the methodology used gives us little indicationof the extent to which their employment corresponds to the professional or occupational specialism they acquired at their university. The analysis with the use of the ‘VKontakte’ network provides significant insight into this question. This paper presents results about the employability of graduates from the leading Russian universities participating in the 5-100 Competitiveness and Growth Program specifically in the subjects of "Mathematics and Information Technology" and "Engineering" where a high degree of correlation between subject specialism and employment is expected.
This paper studies earnings and labor force participation of native Swedes and recent immigrants in Sweden in response to the childcare reforms of 2001 and 2002 using a difference-in-differences approach and register-based data for the period of 1995-2009. Immigrant and native Swedish mothers are distinguished in order to study if increased accessibility to childcare might be particularly beneficial for groups facing obstacles in entering the labor market. The results show that the reforms had a positive effect on earnings and labor force participation among native mothers with preschool children. The group of immigrant mothers studied did not experience any gain in labor market outcomes as a response to the reform.
This issue of the series «Modern Education Analytics» examines trends in changes in wages, employment and income of employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. This publication reviews the dynamics of the average salary of teaching staff of educational organizations at all levels of education. Special attention is paid to the study of the purchasing power of the average salary of teachers of educational organizations by level of education as a key characteristic of the success of reforms in the field of teachers’ remuneration, reflecting the satisfaction of teachers and changes in the status of teachers. The issue also presents proposals for improving the remuneration of teachers in the current conditions of transition to mixed learning technologies in education.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.