System of Automated Checking of Textual Document Design Rules
The majority of text documents are made out according to predetermined rules, which regulate requirements to design of the given class of documents. However, the process of paper checking is quite time-consuming and requires from performer of high concentration and appropriate qualification. The paper presents the main methods that minimize the effort required to control the text on the absence of design errors; the analysis of software solutions is given, illustrating the principle of operation of these methods. To automate the verification of formal correctness of the text document the system designed for the compliance assessment of documents in accordance with the parameters set by the user was developed. The domain analysis is carried out, the domain conceptual model is given. The functionality of the system was described and the tools used in its development were presented. However, the verification of a text document is not reduced only to analysis of rules of its design. Also it is required to fulfill verification of document structure: presence of the required sections. The visual domain-specific language, which allows to describe structure of documents, and also connections between different documents, is designed for this purpose. The language has a simple graphical notation, therefore it can be used by as IT-specialists and clients who are not professional programmers. In practice, the developed system can be used to verify compliance with the formal requirements of projects and dissertations, scientific publications, technical documents, etc.
In article the approach to creation of the formal description of the metalanguage, used for development of visual domain-specific languages of information systems modeling, based on directed pseudo-metagraphs, is considered. Using graph models for formal metalanguage definition of system MetaLanguage allows to describe its properties, to develop algorithms of horizontal and vertical metamodels and models transformation.
An approach to integration of information systems and modeling systems is suggested. It is based on the DSM-platform MetaLanguage allowing to create modeling languages and domain models and to define model transformations.
Tools of the DSM-platform MetaLanguage for creation of domain specific languages and for multilevel modeling are described. The transformations definition facility provides lower labor consumption for languages development and for model transformations.
In paper the methods of model transformations created by means of visual modeling languages is considered. The detailed analysis has allowed to reveal existing problems in this area and to formulate approaches to their elimination.
The paper describes an approach to the implementation of a system that automates the processing of design documentation. Documentation analysis is based on natural language processing, specially developed object-oriented language and ontological resources. As a result, the system highlights linkages between the documents and its semantic indexing. Users get an opportunity of easily navigate through documents, quickly find the necessary parts of them, and check the consistency and completeness of requirements.
Corruptogenicity has become the very important normative-legal acts defect. Citizens and their organisations should have the legal mechanics of not only reclamations concerning the corruptogenic defects in normative acts, but also contestation. One of the legislative power control function expressions in the rulemaking sphere is general courts and arbitration courts control of the normative-legal acts legality. In Russia it is in a formation stage.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.