Создание калибровочных образцов меры с элементами рельефа менее 100 нм
The results of development experimental sample of mesure with relief elements size less than 100 nm for calibration of optical, near-field and electron microscopy are presented.
Despite the increased interest in Chinese export painting of the XVIII–XIX centuries, the research of it had found its reflection particularly in description of this art form history, its cultural component, in description of myriads collections stored in the funds of museums, archives and libraries around the world, collectors and their interests and journeys to China. However, artistic techniques and materials utilized by Chinese masters can also become a source of valuable information on cultural and economic cooperation between the two great civilizations - Chinese and Western. In this regard, domestic and foreign scholars commenced conducting researches involving modern methods of image analysis in the study of Chinese export painting. These methods include reflection and polarized microscopy, electron microscopy, as well as non-destructive techniques, such as multi-spectral analysis, optical coherence tomography (OCT), microfade spectrometry, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF).
We describe a family of calibrations arising naturally on a hyper-Kähler manifold M. These calibrations calibrate the holomorphic Lagrangian, holomorphic isotropic and holomorphic coisotropic subvarieties. When M is an HKT (hyper-Kähler with torsion) manifold with holonomy SL(n, H), we construct another family of calibrations Φi, which calibrates holomorphic Lagrangian and holomorphic coisotropic subvarieties. The calibrations Φi are (generally speaking) not parallel with respect to any torsion-free connection on M.
We consider a simplified and compact scheme of interference phase microscopy using a diffraction grating and spatial filtering of the diffracted field, i.e., diffraction phase microscopy. The scheme and the parameters of the device with the possibility of using the optical system of a smartphone and its software are analysed. The results of experimental determination of the spatial structure parameters of erythrocytes are presented
The article explains a new method of relief marking of heat-shrinkable tubing and sleeves made of polymer materials with "shape memory effect." Method of instrument evaluation of relief marking stereometry of installation parts for aviation equipment, made of polyvinyl chloride, polyethyleneterephthalate and polystyrene was developed and the results were explained. Parameters of pin-point relief marking and compliance of point forms to the Braille font standard were determined with the use of the non-destructive method based on the color of interference pattern with precision of 0.02 mm.
The structural and morphological features of samples containing titanium dioxide, obtained by the sulfate method in the presence of methylene blue dye МеВ (sample with η-TiO2) and in its absence (sample with anatase), have been determined using a complex of analytical methods. For the sample with η-TiO2, the sizes of titanium dioxide crystallites (5.0(2) nm) are smaller than the nanoparticle sizes (5.5–.0 nm), which does not exclude their defect structure. This sample exhibited a higher tendency of nanoparticles to agglomeration (the presence of strong bonds between nanoparticles) and a low tendency to aggregation (the presence of weak bonds). It is shown that a МеВ-modified sample with η-TiO2 has high photocatalytic activity in the visible spectral range in the model reaction of methyl orange dye decomposition.
The calibration problem is considered for the accelerometer unit by means of a high-precision motion simulator. The guaranteed approach is proposed to solve the calibration problem.
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.