The Third Pillar of the Basel Accord: Evidence of borrower discipline in the Kyrgyz banking system
We empirically study the asset side of market discipline in the banking system of the Kyrgyz Republic, examining whether borrowers are willing to pay higher interest rates to high-quality banks. Based on dynamic panel models and a dataset with bank information from 23 banks over the period 2010–2012, our findings suggest the presence of market discipline induced by borrowers. In other words, banks with higher capital ratios and liquidity charge higher interest rates on loans. This result has several implications for the banking policy in Kyrgyzstan, where we can recommend to policymakers a disclosure policy following the Third Pillar of Basel III, because not only can the bank's creditors use bank information to penalize the excessive bank risk, but borrowers can also use this information to discipline their banks.
We aim to discover the relationship between market discipline and banking system transparency using the cross-country data (1990-2003) with Nier index and index based on World Bank surveys' data. We show that measures aimed to increase transparency, not being accompanied with requirements related to information availability and/or interpretability, may be not efficient in reaching the goal of market discipline stimulation.
This working paper was prepared by the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC) in cooperation with the National Institute of Strategic Studies (NISS) of the Kyrgyz Republic as a part of the "International migration: trends, challenges and prospects" project. The working paper analyzes the main trends in migration in the Kyrgyz Republic in the context of its entry into the Eurasian Economic Union. The paper explores the main trends in migration policy in Russia and Kyrgyzstan, the causes of emigration from the KR to Russia, the accommodations of Kyrgyz labor migrants in Russia, new conditions emerging with the entry of the Kyrgyz Republic into the EEU. The authors of the Working paper offer their vision of likely migration scenarios and their recommendations for more favorables migration regimes in country the the migrants' origin and for the host country.
In this paper, we model the deposit market with costly information on bank risks. The model adds to the volume of literature related to the Diamond Dybvig mod el and related models of information based bank runs. The inclusion of costly information signals indicates that depositors must decide whether to pay for information regarding changes in the riskiness of banking activities; these costs may involve, for instance, time and other resources needed to find and read financial information. We show that an efficient bank run is the only equilibrium even in case of non negative information costs. To ensure the uniqueness of the efficient bank run equilibrium it is enough to lower the costs for at least one group of the depositors or introduce the deposit insurance system with co insurance.
This article addresses reforms that took place in Kyrgyzstan within last two decades and provides a comprehensive description of changes that were enforced under the rule of Askar Akayev, the first president of independent Kyrgyzstan. The focal points of the article include specifics of transformation of the national constitutional system, achievements of the Kyrgyz judicial reform, the unique courts of aksakals that play an important role in administration of justice.
The primary goal of enhancing banking system transparency by introducing additional disclosure requirements suggested by Basel II is to provide market participants with additional incentives to monitor their banks. This article attempts to discover the statistically significant relationship between quantitative market discipline and banking system transparency using cross-country data from 1990 to 2003. We use the Nier index, as well as an index constructed using World Bank 'Bank Regulation and Supervision' data, to measure banking system transparency. We found no statistically significant influence of banking system transparency on market discipline. Our result implies that measures designed to increase transparency not accompanied by requirements related to information availability and/or interpretability may not be effective in enhancing market discipline.
The article dealsthe following questions to answer: • Do any mechanisms of market discipline exist in Russian market for personal deposits? We analyze the quantitative mechanisms: disciplining by quantity and by maturity shifts. • Did the DIS introduction influence depositors’ investment strategies?
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.