Национальное достояние как источник доходов бюджета: проблемы учета и контроля
This paper analyzes thirty-two cases including alliances, merger consortiums, acquisitions and partnerships between diverse major Italian companies in the Local Public Transportation Sector. In order to single out the principal trends, special attention has been paid to the aims of the players, their needs and the strategies implemented. The actions taken by the institutions and the competent authorities regarding the regulations have also had a very important role, mostly after the Law 422/97 (Decreto Burlando), that, by introducing transparent public selections, has forced Local Authorities to modify players' strategies to become more efficient and sustainable by promoting, liberalizing and modernizing the service. The players, accustomed to a competition-free framework, have had to face the change by M&A processes establishing alliances and collaborations, proactively redefining their positions, to ward off the threats of liberalization.
This paper addresses state participation in the financial sector. We take the example of the Russian banking industry to suggest criteria for a more accurate definition of public sector boundaries and an assessment of the actual scale of state presence in the national banking market.
The article discusses the place and role of governmental planning and administration in economy, methodological limitations of traditional arguments in favour of market economy and limits of efficiency of both market and planned economy. The article proposes a set of criteria of sectors where planning can significantly improve perfomance over free market and a classification of state-owned enterprises based on their role in implementation of economic policy. Finally, the proposed approach is used to analize the current situation in state sector of Russian economy and identify its problems. The conclusion emphasises a necessity of change in the concept of administration of the state sector of Russian economy from a set of indepentent enterprises to a unified system of instruments for implementation of economic policy.
Polish model of system transformation and its flexible approach to privatization of state-owned enterprises appeared to be successful. While the vast majority of East European countries as well as Russia suffered a GDP contraction, Poland goes on ahead, though at a slower pace. The article analyses concepts and mechanisms of privatization in Poland, reveals its strong points and opportunities which may provide Russian decision-makers with a necessary insight to develop strategies under Russian reality.