Виктимологический аспект коррупционной сделки
The article discusses the concept of corruption deal as an unlawful acts, statutory offence (bribery and subornation), law abuse by the authorized entity. The illegal (most common), and manipulative types of corruption deals and their mechanisms and defined, as well as the ways of their implementation, which include mutually beneficial, bilateral trade, extortion and initiative, active bribery. The diverse negative effects of corruption on the legal relationships and proved. The danger of the crime deal is shown as the factor of corrupt behavior, and active means of formation of corruption networks, which increases victimogenity of corruption acts, doing harm not only to physical but also legal entities. In accordance with this, the point of view supported and proved that it is necessary to expand the notion of victim of corruption offences to legal persons. The conclusion is made about the feasibility of a legal assessment of corruption deals as a qualifying feature of a criminal offense.
The article views anti-corruption legislation and gives ideas for its improvement. It is suggested to introduce the juridical notion of corruptive crime, and corruptive deal as its main indicator. The prospects of these innovative measures for anti-corruption policy realization are shown.
The aim of our study was to explore phenomenology and identify correlates of justice sensitivity from a victim's perspective (JSvictim) among young men and women. The hypothesis was that the victim position as a personality trait is accompanied by adverse emotional states and certain worldviews which make the subject less resilient. The findings of our study show that the victim position as a personality trait becomes a risk factor for resilience, especially in women.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/