An Approach to Business Processes Reengineering Based on Integration of the Process Mining Methods and Domain Specific Modeling Tools
Abstract: An approach to reengineering business processes through the integration of the domain specific modeling platform and Process Mining tools is described. An analysis of the existing approaches to business processes improvement is presented and restrictions are shown. The Process Mining methods are related to business process reengineering stages and tasks. Comparative analysis of Process Mining tools is executed. The advantages of the using of domain specific modeling tools (language workbenches, DSM platforms) are substantiated. Brief comparison of various visual languages notations and model transformation examples are described. The DSM platform ensures mutual understanding between specialists. The MetaLanguage DSM platform is the basis of integration tools. Some DSL (metamodels) are described and transformations are illustrated. The implementation of integrated tools reduces the complexity of analyst’s work. Keywords: business processes reengineering, domain specific modeling, DSM, modeling languages, DSL, language toolkits, DSM platform, model transformations, business process analysis, Process Mining. ACM Classification Keywords: H.4 INFORMATION SYSTEMS APPLICATIONS: H.4.1 Office Automation –Workflow management; H.4.2 Types of Systems – Decision support (e.g., MIS). I.6 SIMULATION AND MODELING: I.6.2 Simulation Languages; I.6.4 Model Validation and Analysis; I.6.5 Model Development Modeling methodologies.
Proceedings of ISP RAS are a double-blind peer-reviewed journal publishing scientific articles in the areas of system programming, software engineering, and computer science. The journal's goal is to develop a respected network of knowledge in the mentioned above areas by publishing high quality articles on open access. The journal is intended for researchers, students, and practitioners.
The approach to information system development with domain specific languages is described. DSL-toolkit allows extending business process description languages by risks description tools.
Seit ihrem Entwurf im Jahr 1962 sind Petrinetze in ganz unterschiedlichen Bereichen eingesetzt worden. Obwohl sie graphisch dargestellt werden und intuitiv einfach verständlich sind, haben Petrinetze eine formal eindeutige Semantik mit einer Vielzahl mathematischer Analysetechniken. Sie reichen vom Model Checking und der Strukturellen Analyse über das Process Mining bis zur Performanz-Analyse. Im Lauf der Zeit haben Petrinetze solide Grundlagen für die Forschung zum Geschäftsprozess-Management (BPM) beigetragen. Sie umfassen Methoden, Techniken und Werkzeuge um Geschäftsprozesse zu entwerfen, implementieren, verwalten und zu analysieren. Die etablierten Modellierungsmethoden und Workflow-Managementsysteme verwenden Token-basierte, von Petrinetzen entlehnte Beschreibungen. Nutzer moderner BPM-Analysetechniken wissen oft gar nicht, dass ihre Geschäfts- prozesse intern als Petrinetze repräsentiert werden. Dieser Beitrag zeigt die grundlegende Rolle von Petrinetzen im BPM.
Since their inception in 1962, Petri nets have been used in a wide variety of application domains. Although Petri nets are graphical and easy to understand, they have formal semantics and allow for analysis techniques ranging from model checking and structural analysis to process mining and performance analysis. Over time Petri nets emerged as a solid foundation for Business Process Management (BPM) research. The BPM discipline develops methods, techniques, and tools to support the design, enactment, management, and analysis of operational business processes. Mainstream business process modeling notations and workflow management systems are using token-based semantics borrowed from Petri nets. Moreover, state-of-the-art BPM analysis techniques are using Petri nets as an internal representation. Users of BPM methods and tools are often not aware of this. This paper aims to unveil the seminal role of Petri nets in BPM.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables