Summing it all up
Summing it all up tenders some tips and techniques for teaching summarising.
The article presents the history of the Longman dictionary that has become a bestseller all over the world. Revealing the translation of the lexicographic idea into practice, the author tells us about the scholarly disputes that accompanied the development of the principles of a new type of English dictionary.
Unlike traditional lecture-based teaching where student participation in the classroom is minimal, the case study method requires students’ active participation and involvement in the classroom. Case studies are extremely rich in content and provide the learner with the potential to consolidate already acquired knowledge and train specific language as well as managerial skills. Many instructors are rather skeptical regarding the use of case studies in the classroom situation for many reasons. However, the advantages of case studies are numerous. They develop critical thinking, improve organizational and communication skills. The paper presents a methodology on how the case studies can be applied in teaching business English.
The article examines various teaching methods aiming at increasing motivation for English language learning, both professional and academic. Complex development of skills necessary to undersdand lectures and different forms of public speaking, critical evaluation of and analytical approach to their content contribute to forming key competences of a university graduate.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.