Институциональные аспекты управления и обеспечения ликвидности на рынке акций и паев Московской биржи
The present article accentuates importance of requirement for providing and managing market liquidity and addresses the issue of institutional approach towards fulfilling this objective in the Russian system of organized trading in stocks. We conduct a comparative study of market microstructure components in the Equities Market of the Moscow Exchange which affect liquidity – the institution of market-makers – with corresponding market microstructure components of the New-York Stock Exchange and EURONEXT and reveal positive and negative effects of institutional adaptations from abroad. We describe existing and expected negative consequences of rendering market-making services in its present form in the Equities Market of the Moscow Exchange and conclude with offering recommendations on improving techniques in provision and management of market liquidity based on efficiency of institutional projects in practices abroad and existing need in adjustments in the Russian system of organized trading in stocks.
The aim of our research is to present an approach to systemic liquidity management of the company. We study patterns of liquidity management that reflect the requirements of the relationship between strategic and current financial management, the interaction of liquidity risk and profitability as the core of added value creation, as well as the tools for their implementation. The econometric toolkit was aimed at identifying threshold points in the joint dynamics of liquidity and profitability with the identification of ranges of positive and negative nature of their interaction. The result of theoretical research was tested on the example of Russian metallurgical industry. The analysis revealed that metallurgical industry is characterized by a lower liquidity threshold, as well as profitability. However, in the framework of this study, all the tasks have been accomplished. A possible direction for future research in this field is the use of comprehensive approach to the study of liquidity management in order to understand which combination of tactic and strategic action enables liquidity management to be expedient for the company.
The last couple of decades have witnessed significant institutional and structural changes in financial sector within a worldwide trend toward consolidation. In the segment of organized trading stock exchanges merge and develop into large and diversified publicly traded companies. These processes are rather complicated in case of a transition economy like Russia. In December 2011 MICEX, the first largest and state-controlled stock exchange acquired RTS, the second largest and privately owned stock exchange primarily designed for foreign investors. We empirically investigate whether the acquisition resulted in improved liquidity of the Russian stock market which was one of the declared acquisition objectives. We use the Kolmogorov–Smirnov and the Wilcoxon tests to compare market-wide liquidity in several discrete periods pre and post acquisition. A deep and thorough insight into liquidity performance is ensured by assessing liquidity from limit order book data of tick frequency along three dimensions (tightness, immediacy, and elasticity).
The paper studies the patterns in the development of the Russian financial market after the crisis of 2008. It’s shown that along with positive phenomena, such as the creation of a modern financial market infrastructure and financial stabilization in 2015-2016, there are tendencies of deterioration of quantitative characteristics of the domestic stock market, it’s lagging behind external competitors, and a decline in the role of this market in the economy. As the key reasons restraining the growth of the financial market, the study addresses the problems of the scarcity of attractive instruments of domestic savings, excessive administrative burden on the business, restrictions on internal competition, the lack of a strategy for developing the financial market, linked to the priorities of economic policy.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.