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## Improved algorithms for colorings of simple hypergraphs and applications

The paper deals with extremal problems concerning colorings of hypergraphs. By using a random recoloring algorithm we show that any n-uniform simple (i.e. every two distinct edges share at most one vertex) hypergraph H with not large maximum edge degree is r-colorable. As an application of our proof technique we establish a new lower bound for Van der Waerden number W(n,r), the minimum N such that in any r-coloring of the set {1,...,N} there exists a monochromatic arithmetic progression of length n.

The paper deals with the classical extremal problem concerning colorings of hypergraphs. The problem is to find the value m(n,r), equal to the minimum number of edges in a n-uniform hypergraph with chromatic number greater than r. We obtain new upper and lower bounds for m(n,r) in the case when the parameter r is very large in comparison with n.

This paper deals with a combinatorial problem concerning colourings of uniform hypergraphs with large girth. We prove a new lower bound for the maximum edge degree for an n-uniform non-r-colourable simple hypergraph. As an application of our probabilistic technique we establish a lower bound for the classical van der Waerden number W(n, r), the minimum natural N such that in an arbitrary colouring of the set of integers {1, . . . ,N} with r colours there exists a monochromatic arithmetic progression of length n.

A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.

This proceedings publication is a compilation of selected contributions from the “Third International Conference on the Dynamics of Information Systems” which took place at the University of Florida, Gainesville, February 16–18, 2011. The purpose of this conference was to bring together scientists and engineers from industry, government, and academia in order to exchange new discoveries and results in a broad range of topics relevant to the theory and practice of dynamics of information systems. Dynamics of Information Systems: Mathematical Foundation presents state-of-the art research and is intended for graduate students and researchers interested in some of the most recent discoveries in information theory and dynamical systems. Scientists in other disciplines may also benefit from the applications of new developments to their own area of study.