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## Examples of cylindrical Fano fourfolds

European Journal of Mathematics. 2016. Vol. 2. No. 1. P. 262-282.

Prokhorov Y., Zaidenberg M.

We construct four different families of smooth Fano fourfolds with Picard rank 1, which contain cylinders, i.e., Zariski open subsets of the form Z ×A1, where Z is a quasiprojective variety. The affine cones over such a fourfold admit effective Ga-actions. Similar constructions of cylindrical Fano threefolds were done previously in the papers by Kishimoto et al.

Kishimoto T., Yuri Prokhorov, Zaidenberg M., Osaka Journal of Mathematics 2014 Vol. 51 No. 4 P. 1093-1113

We address the following question: When an affine cone over a smooth Fano threefold admits an effective action of the additive group? In this paper we deal with Fano threefolds of index 1 and Picard number 1. Our approach is based on a geometric criterion from our previous paper, which relates the existence of an ...

Added: October 10, 2013

Kishimoto T., Prokhorov Y., Zaidenberg M., , in : CRM Proceedings & Lecture Notes. Vol. 54: Affine Algebraic Geometry: The Russell Festschrift.: Providence : American Mathematical Society, 2011. P. 123-163.

In this article, the authors study the action of the additive group C on affine cones over projective varieties. They show that such actions always exist for the cones over del Pezzo surfaces of degree d≥4 which are canonically embedded, and give relations between the actions and existence of polar cylinders. The case of del ...

Added: October 14, 2013

Kishimoto T., Yuri Prokhorov, Zaidenberg M., Transformation Groups 2013 Vol. 18 No. 4 P. 1137-1153

We give a criterion of existence of a unipotent group action on the affine cone over a projective variety or, more generally, on the affine quasicone over a variety which is projective over another affine variety. ...

Added: October 10, 2013

Prokhorov Y., Advances in Geometry 2013 Vol. 13 No. 3 P. 389-418

We classify Fano threefolds with only terminal singularities whose canonical class is
Cartier and divisible by 2 with the additional assumption that the G-invariant part of the Weil divisor
class group is of rank 1 with respect to an action of some group G. In particular, we find a lot of
examples of Fano 3-folds with “many” symmetries. ...

Added: October 7, 2013

Kishimoto T., Yuri Prokhorov, Zaidenberg M., Algebraic Geometry 2014 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 46-56

In a previous paper we established that for any del Pezzo surface Y of degree at least 4, the affine cone X over Y embedded via a pluri-anticanonical linear system admits an effective Ga-action. In particular, the group Aut(X) is infinite dimensional. In contrast, we show in this note that for a del Pezzo surface ...

Added: October 10, 2013

Yuri Prokhorov, Documenta Mathematica 2010 Vol. 15 P. 843-872

We study Q-Fano threefolds of large Fano index. In
particular, we prove that the maximum possible Fano index is attained
only by the weighted projective space P(3,4,5,7). ...

Added: December 6, 2013

Prokhorov Y., Advances in Geometry 2013 Vol. 13 No. 3 P. 419-434

We classify Fano threefolds with only Gorenstein terminal singularities and Picard
number greater than 1, satisfying the additional assumption that the G-invariant part of the Weil
divisor class group is of rank 1 with respect to an action of some group G. ...

Added: October 7, 2013

Galkin S., Shinder E., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1405.5154.

We find a relation between a cubic hypersurface Y and its Fano variety of lines F(Y) in the Grothendieck ring of varieties. We prove that if the class of an affine line is not a zero-divisor in the Grothendieck ring of varieties, then Fano variety of lines on a smooth rational cubic fourfold is birational ...

Added: May 21, 2014

Przyjalkowski V., Shramov K., Communications in Number Theory and Physics 2020 Vol. 14 No. 3 P. 511-553

We prove that if a smooth variety with non-positive canonical class can be embedded into a weighted projective space of dimension n as a well formed complete intersection and it is not an intersection with a linear cone therein, then the weights of the weighted projective space do not exceed n+1. Based on this bound ...

Added: October 13, 2020

Prokhorov Y., Sbornik Mathematics 2013 Vol. 204 No. 3 P. 347-382

We classify $\mathbb Q$-Fano threefolds of Fano index > 2 and sufficiently big degree. ...

Added: October 7, 2013

Prokhorov Y., Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics 2014 Vol. 79 P. 215-229

We give a sharp bound for orders of elementary abelian 2-groups of birational automorphisms of rationally connected threefolds. ...

Added: January 24, 2014

Ю. Г. Прохоров, Известия РАН. Серия математическая 2013 Т. 77 № 3 С. 199-222

We study elements $\tau$ of order two in the birational automorphism groups of rationally connected three-dimensional algebraic varieties such that there exists a non-uniruled divisorial component of the $\tau$-fixed point locus. Using the equivariant minimal model program, we give a rough classification of such elements. ...

Added: July 1, 2013

Perepechko A., Функциональный анализ и его приложения 2013 Т. 47 № 4 С. 45-52

We prove that the action of the special automorphism group on affine cones over del Pezzo surfaces of degree 4 and 5 is infinitely transitive. ...

Added: September 26, 2019

Cheltsov Ivan, Shramov Constantin, Experimental Mathematics 2013 Vol. 22 No. 3 P. 313-326

We study del Pezzo surfaces that are quasismooth and well-formed weighted hypersurfaces. In particular, we find all such surfaces whose α-invariant of Tian is greater than 2/3. ...

Added: January 27, 2014

Prokhorov Y., Cheltsov I., Zaidenberg M. et al., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2020.

This paper is a survey about cylinders in Fano varieties and related problems. ...

Added: August 19, 2020

Prokhorov Y., Zaidenberg M., European Journal of Mathematics 2018 Vol. 4 No. 3 P. 1197-1263

It is known that the moduli space of smooth Fano–Mukai fourfolds V18 of genus 10 has dimension one. We show that any such fourfold is a completion of ℂ4 in two different ways. Up to isomorphism, there is a unique fourfold Vs18 acted upon by SL2(ℂ). The group Open image in new window is a ...

Added: September 6, 2018

Cheltsov I., Dubouloz A., Park J., Compositio Mathematica 2018 Vol. 154 No. 11 P. 2462-2484

We study a wide class of affine varieties, which we call affine Fano varieties. By analogy with birationally super-rigid Fano varieties, we define super-rigidity for affine Fano varieties, and provide many examples and non-examples of super-rigid affine Fano varieties. ...

Added: October 17, 2018

Kuznetsov A., Debarre O., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015.

This paper performs a systematic study of Gushel–Mukai varieties—Fano manifolds with Picard number 1, coindex 3, and degree 10 (higher-dimensional analogues of prime Fano threefolds of genus 6). We introduce a new approach to the classification of these varieties which includes mildly singular varieties, gives a criterion for an isomorphism of such varieties, and describes ...

Added: November 15, 2015

Loginov K., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2019.

Consider a family of Fano varieties π:X⟶B∋o over a curve germ with a smooth total space X. Assume that the generic fiber is smooth and the special fiber F=π^{−1}(o) has simple normal crossings. Then F is called a semistable degeneration of Fano varieties. We show that the dual complex of F is a simplex of dimension ≤dim F. Simplices of any admissible dimension can be realized ...

Added: October 11, 2019

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Iritani H., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1404.6407.

We propose Gamma Conjectures for Fano manifolds which can be thought of as a square root of the index theorem. Studying the exponential asymptotics of solutions to the quantum differential equation, we associate a principal asymptotic class A_F to a Fano manifold F. We say that F satisfies Gamma Conjecture I if A_F equals the ...

Added: May 4, 2014

Fonarev A., Kuznetsov A., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2016.

We prove that the derived category D(C) of a generic curve of genus greater than one embeds into the derived category D(M) of the moduli space M of rank two stable bundles on C with fixed determinant of odd degree. ...

Added: April 10, 2017

Arzhantsev I., Алгебра и анализ 2022 Т. 34 № 2 С. 1-55

В работе дан обзор результатов последних лет о кратной транзитивности действий групп автоморфизмов аффинных алгебраических многообразий. Рассматривается свойство бесконечной транзитивности действия группы специальных автоморфизмов и эквивалентное ему свойство гибкости многообразия. Данные свойства имеют важные алгебраические и геометрические следствия, и при этом они выполнены для широких классов многообразий. Отдельно изучаются случаи, когда бесконечная транзитивность имеет место ...

Added: March 14, 2022

Galkin S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1404.7388.

Consider a Laurent polynomial with real positive coefficients such that the origin is strictly inside its Newton polytope. Then it is strongly convex as a function of real positive argument. So it has a distinguished Morse critical point --- the unique critical point with real positive coordinates. As a consequence we obtain a positive answer ...

Added: May 4, 2014

Coates T., Galkin S., Kasprzyk A. et al., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1406.4891.

We collect a list of known four-dimensional Fano manifolds and compute their quantum periods. This list includes all four-dimensional Fano manifolds of index greater than one, all four-dimensional toric Fano manifolds, all four-dimensional products of lower-dimensional Fano manifolds, and certain complete intersections in projective bundles. ...

Added: June 20, 2014