Западный эзотеризм и новые религиозный движения: к постановке проблемы
The article discusses the history of the relationship between NRM and Western esotericism, this relationship easy to show on the case of religious studies that flourished after the boom of NRM in the 60s. In the 60s many researchers turned to the field of Western esotericism in order to clarify the origins of the modern new religions, this turn generated so called “sociology of the occult”, in the article examines the variety of its representations in the West (C. Wilson, M. Truzzi, E. Tiryakian, J. Webb, C. Campbell), and in the USSR/Russia (M. I. Shakhnovich, P. S. Gurevich, and V. A. Martinovich). The link between NRM and Western esotericism may be shown also on the example of the influences of individual currents of Western esotericism on some new religious movements. The article discusses the influence of the Golden Dawn, Theosophy of E. P. Blavatsky and teaching of A. Crowley. In conclusion, article discussed the theory of the New Age as the secularization of esotericism, which was proposed by W. Hanegraaff.