The performance of mergers and acquisitions in emerging capital markets: new angle
Researchers have long tried to define the impact of corporate mergers and acquisitions on company performance. We contribute to the existing literature by examining the performance of M&A deals in emerging capital markets based on the economic profit model and comparing the results with ones obtained by means of traditional method—accounting studies. Examining a sample of 80 deals initiated by companies from emerging capital markets over 2003–2009, we find that M&As are value-destroying deals for the combined firms. Results from the long-run analysis prove the negative industry-adjusted differences between post-acquisition and preacquisition performance measures. The difference is equal to a significant −3.3% for the EBITDA/sales ratio. The economic profit approach demonstrates a similar result. Economic profit has declined due to M&A deals by $4 million. We also analyze the determinants of M&A performance, such as method of payment, business similarity, and type of geographical expansion (cross-border versus local deals).
In this study we analyze a problem of the account of low liquidity of securities at carrying out of the fundamental analysis in the Russian capital market. The discount rate for prediction cash flow is a important factor in target price calculation. Standard САРМ as a model to explain assets pricing has restrictions in practical application. One of the problems of application - low liquidity of stocks in emerging markets. In this study we test on 72 companies of RTS stock exchange the technique of formation of the beta-factor, offered by Aton Investing Group and applied by a number of analyticals of the investment companies of the Russian market. This technique tries to consider both the size of the company, and a level of liquidity of its stocks.
This article is intended to summarize the key works on Quality Management in order to obtain a unified theoretical basis. Applicability to Russian companies is discussed. Differences between the classic quality paradigm and the TQM ideas are focused and studied thoroughly. Basing on the most recognized works of Crosby, Juran and Deming, the history of Quality Management ideas development is shown. Mechanisms of impact of implemented quality management systems on company results are shown, since it is required in order to perform an empirical study of quality management effectiveness. Also several aims for empirical studies are proposed. Possibility of Quality Management implementation for Russian companies is also discussed.
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This paper is devoted to the analysis of mergers and acquisitions in Russia. Using the statistical and econometric methods the estimation of macroeconomic and industry factors influence on the intensity of mergers and acquisitions processes by sectors of Russian industry is carried out. As a result the relationship between the activity of the redistribution process of the corporate control rights and some industry characteristics such as an involvement into the foreign trade, the relative industry size, the concentration of production is revealed.
Value-based management concept regards corporate value growth for all stakeholders as the main company purpose which nowadays is primarily provided by intangible assets. However analysis of the process of converting intellectual capital (IC) and its components into the company financial performance is still a challenging research area. The main aim of the current study is to investigate the intellectual capital transformation into the company value on the basis of available information.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.