Кто формирует общественное «лицо» профессии: Сравнительный анализ репрезентации «политологов», «экономистов» и «историков» в российских печатных СМИ
The article analyses quantitative and qualitative characteristics of media representations of “politilogists”, “economists” and “historians” in 10 Russian newspapers over a year. On the basis of the Russian Scientific Quotation Index the author compares publication profiles of the persons who are ascribed the respective identity in mass media and professional journals.
The paper reviews the modern theoretical models of stereotipization and representation of the Otherness. The author follows the ideas of S. Gilman and uses literature and media examples to make a comparison between pathological and non-pathological perceptions and representations: the former tend to have hegemonic attitude towards Otherness; the latter highlight its value. The author describes such pathological forms as depersonification, fragmentation, fetishization, exoticization, pathologization, and homogenization. The following three counter-strategies of representation of the ‘Others’ in the media are singled out: 1) creation of new positive stereotypes of Others, 2) transfer of positive images of Otherness on those manifestations of Otherness that perceived negatively in the media, and finally, 3) clash of ambivalent stereotypes of ‘Others’ through critical discourse analysis and allowing them speaking out.
The article deals with the processes of building the information society and security in the CIS in accordance with modern conditions. The main objective is to review existing mechanisms for the formation of a common information space in the Eurasian region, regarded as one of the essential aspects of international integration. The theoretical significance of the work is to determine the main controls of the regional information infrastructure, improved by the development of communication features in a rapid process.The practical component consists in determining the future policies of the region under consideration in building the information society. The study authors used historical-descriptive approach and factual analysis of events having to do with drawing the contours of today's global information society in the regional refraction.
The main result is the fact that the development of information and communication technologies, and network resources leads to increased threats of destabilization of the socio-political situation in view of the emergence of multiple centers that generate the ideological and psychological background. Keeping focused information policy can not be conceived without the collective participation of States in the first place, members of the group leaders of integration - Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan. Currently, only produced a comprehensive approach to security in the information field in the Eurasian region, but the events in the world, largely thanks to modern technology, make the search for an exit strategy with a much higher speed. The article contributes to the science of international relations, engaging in interdisciplinary thinking that is associated with a transition period in the development of society. A study of current conditions in their relation to the current socio-political patterns of the authors leads to conclusions about the need for cooperation with the network centers of power in the modern information environment, the formation of alternative models of networking, especially in innovation and scientific and technical areas of information policy, and expanding the integration of the field in this region on the information content.