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Article

Efficient electron refrigeration using superconductor/spin-filter devices

Applied Physics Letters. 2013. Vol. 103. P. 032602-1-032602-1.
Kawabata S., Ozaeta A., Vasenko A.S., Hekking F., Bergeret F.

Efficient electron-refrigeration based on a normal-metal/spin-filter/superconductor junction is proposed and demonstrated theoretically. The spin-filtering effect leads to values of the cooling power much higher than in conventional normal-metal/nonmagnetic-insulator/superconductor coolers and allows for an efficient extraction of heat from the normal metal. We demonstrate that highly efficient cooling can be realized in both ballistic and diffusive multi-channel junctions in which the reduction of the electron temperature from 300 mK to around 50 mK can be achieved. Our results indicate the practical usefulness of spin-filters for efficiently cooling detectors, sensors, and quantum devices.