Linux Distributions and Applications Analysis During Linux Standard Base Development
This paper presents a novel approach of collecting and managing information about existing Linux distributions and applications necessary for standardizing Linux ecosystem during Linux Standard Base speciﬁcation development. The approach is based on the usage of database designed on the basis of abstract model of the Linux ecosystem. The process of database schema design is described as well as design of tools for populating it with data and analytical instruments.
The article discusses the dynemics of the legislation of the Russion Federation on standardization and draws conclusions about its intermittent character
The annual ACM SIGMOD/PODS Conference is a leading international forum for database researchers, practitioners, developers, and users to explore cutting-edge ideas and results, and to exchange techniques, tools, and experiences. The conference includes a fascinating technical program with research and industrial talks, tutorials, demos, and focused workshops. It also hosts a poster session to learn about innovative technology, an industrial exhibition to meet companies and publishers, and a careers-in-industry panel with representatives from leading companies.
The current level of maintaining and developing the effectiveness of process stakeholders has become a technologically demanding task involving ever-increasing costs. The belief that the upcoming digital transformation (DT) will represent a panacea is misguided since DT requires fundamental re-education and a restructuring of all process environments and human factors. Regardless of the business sector, DT is expected to accelerate as technology advances; new entrants and new forms of business partnerships change all the rules of the current stream. The contributions in this book build these bridges, which are vital in order to communicate between different worlds of thought and methodology – be it between Information Systems (IS) research and practice, or between IS research and other research disciplines. They describe how structuring can be and should be done so as to foster communication and collaboration. The topics covered reflect various layers of structure that can serve as bridges: models, processes, data, organizations, and technologies. In turn, these aspects are complemented by visionary outlooks on how structure influences the field.
In terms of actual tendency of innovations being the driven part of the world economy development it is necessary to describe the situation with innovations and standardization in Russia. The article is describing Russian innovations eco-system, regulations in innovations and standardization of innovations. Main standardization bodies and challenges in standardization are briefly described. Possible ideas for the development of innovations system in Russia are proposed.
This issue reveals problems and contradictions standing from the technical legislation reform in Russia. System of technical reglaments, new to Russia, excludes most, but not all standards from the sphere of public protection provided by the State. As a result, standards provided by the Technical Legislation Law are freewill standards and standards provided by other acts are compulsory. It disrupts the system of standards and increases risks and expenses of producers, customers and the State.
Effective usage of information systems by modern large companies is unthinkable without data management on the enterprise level. The time passed when it was sufficient for information needs of employees to implement several separate information systems. In large enterprises it is important to ensure the quality and consistency of data from various sources for the purpose of complex analysis, corporate reporting and regulatory requirements. Large-scale introduction of modern ERP information systems is only partially solves these problems because no ERP alone can fully cover all the information needs of the employees. Data management enables organizations to gain a holistic view of their IT resources, regulate the flow of data in the context of business processes, and works to support the integration of information systems. The paper considers an approach to data management based on enterprise architecture models. System architecture is proposed to implement this approach in large geographically distributed companies.
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.
I give the explicit formula for the (set-theoretical) system of Resultants of m+1 homogeneous polynomials in n+1 variables