О парковочных платежах и сборах
The situation of conflict between the evacuated citizens and local population at the beginning of the great Patriotic war is the subject of much study. Mechanisms painful identifying "us" and "them" in terms of military logistics are considered. Social conflicts have been exacerbated by the clash of different discourses and meanings: the language of official slogans and everyday meanings Dating back to pre-war time. Practices, which are associated with evacuation, has created a special language of official statements. Features of social trauma, which were evacuated and tested by the local people for euphemisms party documents are recognized.
The article discusses current issues related to the expansion of the road network through the construction of toll roads and highways. Based on the conducted research the fair value of toll roads use and the level of investment profitability in their construction several proposals for the further development of public-private road construction partnership are made.
We study a dynamic price model in an economy with multiplicative uncertainty. The cost corresponding to a particular control strategy includes agents’ time preference. Almost sure overtaking optimal control is derived and its properties are investigated.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.