Удостоверяющие федерации научно-образовательных сетей
The article is devoted to identity federations of the research and educational networks. Research and educational networks contain a lot of informational and computing resources. These resources are in a dif-ferent organizational, administrative and public supervision. Scientific resources require authentication, for example, to monitor compliance with intellectual property rights, the definition of user rights, etc. Authorization methods with user authentication by his institution are commonly used. Identity federation is a group of institutions had an agreements on mutual access to their resources, developed a common policy and user identity framework, and implemented them on the organizational and technical level. Identity federation have operational team, steering group and user support service. Due to diversity and international level of the research identity federations cooperates to interfederation. The article describes eduroam and eduGAIN identity federations, based on different authentication technologies. Joint Supercomputer Center of Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS) is participant of the above projects. JSCC RAS works on creation of identity federation in the Russian research and education community and supports coop-eration with European projects. JSCC supports Eduroam in Russia that is open for participation of any research and education institution.