Расширение возможностей методов оптимизации закупок как атрибут процесса повышения качества решений
The article shows the possibilities and features a special approach to the optimization of decisions on a number of criteria, which is based on the synthesis of analytic hierarchy process and traditional methods of multi-criteria optimization. This synthesis involves a two-step transition to modified values of the partial criteria indicators. This allows manager to take into account the attitude of the decision-maker to the initial values of these indicators, as well as the relation to the importance of partial criteria themselves. After the modification indicators of partial criteria, the optimization procedure can be continued on the basis of any traditional selection criteria. This new approach significantly expands the arsenal of optimization methods applied to problems of procurement management, which improves the quality of decisions due to better adaptation to the preferences of the decision maker.
The paper presents a study of mechanisms of choice in a real life situation of local authorities elections. We have hypothesized that the quality of choice process as reflected through subjective evaluations might differ depending on some personality variables and, in turn, predict the satisfaction with choice and other outcome variables. The dependent variable was the decision whether to go voting at all. This assumption has been proven in a study on non-psychology college students (N=174) tested three times: a week before regional elections, a week after, and several months later. We used the measures of quality of choice and a number of personality inventories (assessing subjective alienation, purpose in life, locus of control, hardiness, causality orientations and some other variables).
As predicted, the qualitative parameters of choice process have been associated with personality variables, and, in turn, predicted the evaluation of outcomes. Cluster analysis (Ward’s method) has split the sample into two distinctive groups by the quality of choice: involved (autonomous) vs. noninvolved (spontaneous) one. Both groups revealed notable differences by personality variables.
The study is devoted to the analysis of differences between choices of high (HQ) and low (LQ) quality. Differences in the subjective perception of HQ and LQ choices are related to the degree of elaboration, emotional valence, and choice satisfaction; they are associated both with situational factors (order effect of described situations) and personality variables (satisfaction with life, etc.). Choice should not be investigated “in general”, regardless of its subjective quality.
The article is focused on such an impornant but under-investigated individual psychological characteristics as readiness for choice.
The paper presents an approach to determine the best solution for multi-criteria problem of goods distribution in the separate parts of warehouse network links. The approach is based on simulation using the methods of linear programming (to minimize the costs of played random demand values), and using the analytic hierarchy process - to accommodate the preferences of the decision maker.
This article presents the results of applying various methods of system analysis (CATWOE, Rich Picture, AHP, Fuzzy AHP) to evaluation of teaching assistants. The soft and hard methods were applied. Methods of system analysis are considered as an example at the Higher School of Economics (HSE) in program “Teaching assistant”. The article shows the process of interaction of teaching assistants with students and faculty in the form of Rich Picture. Selection and analysis of criteria for the evaluation of training assistants are carried out. Three groups of criteria were defined: professional skills, communicating skills, personal qualities. Each group has some subcriteria, which were defined in brainstorm. Its own method was determined, which immediately allow drop some assistants. In addition, the application of the methods AHP and Fuzzy AHP type-2 to evaluate teaching assistants is considered. The strengths and weaknesses of each method are revealed. It is also shown that, despite the power of the methods of system analysis, it is necessary to use common sense and logic. Do not rely only on the numbers obtained by the methods of system analysis. In the process of work, the best teaching assistant is selected, and the group of the best teaching assistants is defined.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management