Современные маркетинговые практики в России: результаты эмпирического исследования
Modern business conditions require a revision of the traditional concept of marketing and existing marketing tools. The materials of the international project "Contemporary marketing practices" are considered in the article. This project is the methodological basis for monitoring of marketing activities in 17 countries. For Russia it is very important that research uses comprehensive approach, assuming, on the one hand, the combination of alternative marketing concepts, on the other hand - the adaptation to different industry and geographic markets. The methodology of the project "Contemporary marketing practices" offers the tools for typologization of companies in terms of marketing practices used, as well as the key indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of marketing. This article describes the methodology, development stagesand also the results of factor analysis in order to show the directions of adaptation of the methodology to the Russian conditions.
In recent decades, the interest in research emerging markets is actively growing. Companies in emerging markets (such as Russia) copy the business models of companies in developed markets, but this behaviour does not lead to the same results. Companies should use a different path of development, thus researches goal is to highlight the features of advanced and emerging countries. In this work we study marketing in the Russian market. The paper examines the state of marketing practices in Russia with the help of the international project methodology Contemporary marketing practices (CMP), developed at Auckland University. This methodology allows to describe and classify existing market practices. The instrument of investigation is CMP’s questionnaire, which was translated into Russian. The questionnaire examines the company to one of the types of marketing: transaction marketing, database marketing, interactive, internet marketing and network, or to the intersection of these types. The paper describes existing practices in the Russian market by cluster analysis. Moreover, the paper presents cross-country comparison among CMP’s studies. In this paper, there is no explanation of the reasons for these results, but it puts forward a number of hypotheses to be tested in the future study.
The article describes the essence of internal marketing, the evolution of its concept and the main directions of its implementation in the company. Internal marketing represented as an ideology of institutional activities which companies should consider staff as internal customers in conjunction with external customers of the company as a basis for formation the system of relationship marketing. The role of internal customer focus and the tools for its development are showed.
The article is devoted to the comparative analysis of theoretical approaches to the definition of marketing practices and their understanding by marketing representatives of Russian companies. The article analyzes the existing theoretical approaches to marketing practices, as well as the basic models of marketing practices. Research methodology is based on the use of qualitative methods of data collection through semi-structured in-depth interviews with respondents and on the analyses of this information using content analysis. In-depth interviews with 91 representatives of Russian companies’ marketing departments were conducted as a part of the empirical research.
The analysis shows that there is no common understanding of marketing practices among researchers in the marketing field and representatives of Russian companies. Researchers define marketing practices as a set of marketing tools, the method of marketing activities organization within the company as well as the company's ability to adapt to environmental factors. There is a fragmentary understanding of marketing practices by the representatives of Russian companies including marketing implementation tools and marketing management in the company as well as specific marketing activities.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management