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Article

К вопросу о косвенных доказательствах (история и современность)

Законодательство. 2015. № 5. С. 60-69.
Смольников Д. И.

This article presents a historical and comparative legal analysis of circumstantial (indirect) evidence. The author investigated causes for the appearance of circumstantial evidence and explored scientists’ points of view on circumstantial evidence. The author believes that there is no only single criterion for dividing the evidence on the direct and circumstantial. However, the most useful for practice is the division depending on which type of fact (ultimate fact or evidentiary fact) is established by evidence: an evidentiary fact is proved by circumstantial evidence, an ultimate fact – by direct evidence.