Informality and Mobility: Evidence from Russian Panel Data
Informality is a defining characteristic of labour markets in developing and transition countries. This paper analyzes patterns of mobility across different forms of formal and informal employment in Russia. Using the Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey household panel we estimate a dynamic multinomial logit model with individual heterogeneity and correct for the initial conditions problem. Simulations show that structural state dependence is weak and that transition rates from informal to formal employment are not lower than from non-employment. These results lend support to the integrated view of the labour market.
In this paper, we compare age-earnings profiles between generations. Our empirical estimates are based on the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey of HSE (RLMS-HSE) data, 1994–2015. Using the long time-series panel, we overcome age-period-cohort problem inherent in the linear cross-sectional models. The main result in this paper is comparison of monthly income of different cohorts of individuals (in constant prices), controlling for a wide set of explanatory variables.
Using panel data for the 2001-2008 period we estimate the gravity model of migration between Russian regions. We show that though the migration flows have been quite stable, their determinants have changed substantially. Our special attention is drawn to the role of distance between the regions. Our special attention is drawn to the role of distance between regions as one of the main factors of migration. Dividing pairs of regions into nine groups according to the distance between regional centers, we estimate the model for each group separately. We find out that social and economic factors are affecting migration mainly between nearby regions. Yet the intensity of flows between distant (>500 km) areas is almost uncorrelated with indicators of social and economic development of regions.
An attempt to model the migration flows at regional and municipal level for the period 2003-2008 in Russia is made. Research corroborates the importance of "poverty traps" in determining migration in Russia. Main flows originate from regions and municipalities with higher wages, that means from more social and economic developed territories. Despite stable social and economic development the constraints that do not allow citizens to change their residence still exist in the regions. However, according to the results of internal migration modeling in one of the Russian regions, the poverty trap effect is insignificant for relative close movements.
In this work the demand for the incoming tourism in the Russian Federation is modeling. The panel data for 16 countries - the basic sources of tourist streams - and the period with 2000 for 2009 are used. Modeling is spent separately for each of 10 tourist zones of Russia. In quality a determinant of demand there are considered a total national product in a country of origin, the exchange rate, transport charges, cost of residing, lag of the demand variable and the fictitious variables reflecting influence of shocks in quality a determinants of demand. The received estimations of dynamic models of demand correspond to expectations, are statistically significant and can be useful in practice of planning of development of entrance tourism in various municipal formations and regions of Russia.