Інституціональне регулювання пенсійних трансфертів: міжнародний досвід і виклики для України (Институциональное регулирование пенсионных трансфертов: международный опыт и вызовы для Украины)
In the article there are analyzes the direction of reforming of institutional regulation of pension transfers in the developed world and in Ukraine. On the basis of the institutional approach argumented the importance of the transition to a funded pension system as adequate market conditions. Analyzed institutional factors limiting its introduction in Ukraine.
The chapter is a coincise critical history of linear and non-linear versions of economic progress, including the “orthodox” economic doctrines – on the one hand of Marxism and on the other hand of Neoclassical “canon” of the economic theory of XX century. Special attention is paid to ideas of A.Marshall, J.A. Hobson, T.Veblen, J.Sсhumpeter and N.Kondratieff as well such "lost links" Russian evolutionary economic thought as A.Korsak, V. Vorontsov, A.Bogdanov and N. Oganovsky's conceptions.
The thirty-eighth issue of the collection includes two sections: "Theoretical Problems of Economics and Institutional Transformations", "Applied Problems and Practice of Institutional Reforms in Russia". They contain materials relevant to the economy of modern Russia
This article focuses on the phenomenon of the «institutional matrixes theory» from positions of validity of the forecast about not-democratic development of Russia. Analysis is built on consideration of internal structure of institutional matrixes, their external surrounding and based institutes. Opened essence of the theory construction method by separations of positions, unoriginal from west- and russia- institutionalizm, on the one hand, and analysis of own contribution of author of given theory, with the another. The conclusions are done on internal discoordination of key positions, confusing based categories and essential contradictions to facts of social reality. In article opposed traditional paradigm «West-East» as it reproduced in «institutional matrixes theory», and the new picture of the world on the basis of razdatok-economy theory forecasting democratic development for Russia.
In theory of art of the second half of XX century we see a conflict between two approaches, anti-essentialism and institutionalism. But if we will redefine essentialism in the way Karl Popper did, the opposition between this approaches will turn out to be false. In this context, comparing the positions of Morris Weitz and George Dickie, we try to provide a kind of working synthesis of the both approaches.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.