Исследование сравнительных преимуществ нефтегазовых компаний с позиций операционных и капитальных затрат
This paper considers operating and capital expenditures of public and private oil-producing companies as factors that underlie the competitiveness of enterprises. The purpose of the study is to (1) assess the competitiveness of specific producing companies (Iraq National Oil Company, Kuwait Petroleum Corporation, Qatar Petroleum, Saudi Aramco, ADNOC, ExxonMobil, Total, Royal Dutch Shell, OAO Rosneft, OAO Lukoil); (2) compare private and state oil and gas companies for the period from 2000 to 2013; and (3) form a conclusion about the competitive advantages of these companies. Panel data on production, export and expenditures of 10 oil-producing companies have been used to estimate the cost equation by means of ordinary and median fixed-effect regression. Based on these estimates, the authors have compiled rankings of companies on the competitive advantages from the standpoint of operating and capital costs separately. According to the obtained estimates, Arab companies have the smallest level of operating and capital costs when adjusted for the volume and the structure of production, which can be interpreted as their competitive advantage over their Western and Russian peers. The results of the work are aimed at improving the transparency of the global energy sector and, according to the authors, may be useful to Russian oil and gas companies’ management and global oil market researchers, especially in the current period of stagnation resulting from the recent drop of oil prices.
The Tsar Alexander II undertook to dismantle the archaic poll tax and thus, he opened the way for the modernization of the Russian tax system. Between the second half of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century, a number of new taxes on the property was created. However, several projects aimed at establishing an income tax in Russia generated a lot of debates in the governmental circles, but they were dismissed for different reasons, which we will discuss hereafter. Therefore, the Revolution of 1905 and the First World War would be needed for the realization of this reform, which was promulgated on 6 April 1916. While the government was preparing to implement an innovative tax, which was based on the principles and procedures that break with the practices of the old regime, the Russian state and society were upset by the events of 1917.
The article is devoted to the single budget account. The research on its basic characteristics allows the author to conclude that its use is effective.
This paper is dedicated to the reform of public accounting carried out by the tsar Alexander II in Russia.
In this paper we examine the issues devoted to the imposition and the reforms of Russia's fiscal system during the First world war.
Proceedings of the 17th International Conference held in Šlapanice in the Czech Republic on 17-18 January 2013 at Masaryk University, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Department of Public Economics.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.