Перспективы развития дорожной инфраструктуры Москвы на принципах государственно-частного партнерства
The article discusses current issues related to the expansion of the road network through the construction of toll roads and highways. Based on the conducted research the fair value of toll roads use and the level of investment profitability in their construction several proposals for the further development of public-private road construction partnership are made.
Total government spending on road construction and maintenance in Russia are about 2.5 times lower than the funds required by the technical norms. This happens due to the lack of the interconnection between road funding and taxes and charges levied on road users. The mechanism of road funds has been introduced in 2011, but the problem still exists. Taxes, which are concerned with the car ownership and road usage (transport tax, fuel tax, utilization fees, custom dues) cover about 50 % of the total governmental spending on road infrastructure (and about 25 % in Moscow), the rest is covered by the general taxes. The road pricing is seen as a good alternative way of road funding. The involvement of the private investor into the construction of the toll roads was first implemented in the end of 1990s, when several pilot projects were realized. The large-scale implementation of the PPP principles is connected with the creation of The State Company Russian Highways (Avtodor). The mission of the company is to form and develop Russia’s national toll highway network using the private investments. Toll roads are also constructed or discussed in the big cities, such as Moscow, St. Petersburg, Ryazan, etc. In cities where the majority of offices, plants, and shopping malls are concentrated the road pricing is not only the best source of funding, but also the transport demand management instrument. Some other sources of road funding are emerging in the largest cities (Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kazan): parking fees, cordon tolls, pollution charges. Moreover the heavy vehicles (more than 12 ton) have been obliged to pay for the distance travelled on federal road network since November 2015. This is expected to provide additional income of about 50 billion rubles per year for the federal road fund. This chapter provides a detailed overview and appraisal of the road pricing implementation in the Russian Federation.
The main task of the economy modernizing is to improve its competitiveness and sustainability is the creation of the corresponding infrastructure. The solution of this problem is possible only through the joint efforts of state and private business. In this article, based on an analysis of managing infrastructure projects’ experience common and specific factors that affect the transport infrastructure project management are revealed, the principles of public-private partnership (PPP) as the format of such projects are systematized and developed; the ways of improvement of the organizational economic mechanism of rail PPPs management (life cycle contract) are offered.
Electronic Government in Russia became a strategic component in the governance process. To establish trust and security in the electronic interaction process between authorities and citizens, the Russian Government aims to deliver high quality public services through a secured and comfortable environment. The complexity of Strategic eGovernment decisions is illustrated through the example of a key eGovernment solution, the Citizens Electronic Card. The Citizens eCard project case study outlines strategic management issues caused by the interrelation between eGovernment and administrative reforms in Russia. The necessary technological, legal and organisational changes performed in Russia to effectively organise the national eGovernment system are also analysed.
The author explores the reasons behind the crisis of single industry towns, possibilities and challenges of public private partnership in such towns, presenting foreign experience of transformation of old industrial territories and giving recommendations aimed at increasing efficiency of public policy concerning single industry towns.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.