The Time of ‘Bubbles’, or On the Phenomenon of Academic Attestation in post-Soviet Russia
Studying the development of educational and research institutions in Russia in 1990s and 2000s, the author saw a fl ood of scholarly publications and doctoral theses that were not contributing to the growth of scientifi c knowledge on their respective subjects. Th e production of such papers she called as ‘bubble making’. Th is article shows this phenomenon for example the “Yakushev school”, a scholarly movement whose representatives over the last 20 years have studied the history of awarding academic degrees in the Russian Empire, USSR and the Russian Federation. Alexander Yakushev was professor at universities in Stavropol, Pyatigorsk and Nevinnomyssk; now at the Russian International Innovative University in Sochi. Also he has actively participated in discussing reform projects for scholarly certifi cation and published expert estimates of current legislation in this sphere. In this article author analyzes the causes of this school’s emergence, its perspective, research areas and its achievements.