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Regular version of the site

Article

Систематизация лучших зарубежных подходов к реализации политики «мягкой силы»

Кичина И. В., Нагорнов В. А., Рахмангулов М. Р., Шелепов А. В., Сахаров А. Г.

 

Foreign policy uses a wide range of soft power policy instruments and models. It is thus useful to identify the best practices,
key tools and approaches that ensure the sustainability and coherence of policy, as well as the connecting elements that
allow a country to coordinate its foreign policy actions.
This article analyzes the experience of China, the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom and the European
Union in five areas: the promotion of language and culture; cooperation in the fields of education, science and technology;
business relations; public diplomacy; and official development cooperation.
The article is based on the expert survey conducted by National Research University Higher School of Economics
in December 2013. The sample includes experts of the international relations engaged in Russian foreign affairs, as well
as development cooperation. The results of the expert survey allowed to identify the tools ensuring the most impact and best
application of soft power in various socioeconomic and political conditions.
The identified tools are structured into a system of interconnected organizational forms with five areas or clusters of
influence. Key institutions acting in the five areas constitute the centres of sustainability of the respective clusters. Structural
cohesion is ensured by connecting elements such as regulatory frameworks, resources, coordination mechanisms, visa
regimes, and communication and public relations.