Емпіричний аналіз тенденцій і детермінант інноваційної активності підприємств
The article deals with the main trends in the output (production) of energy sources and energy in Siberia both within the boundaries of the Siberian Federal District and within the vast territory between the Urals and the Far East. According to the authors, Siberia in the foreseeable future (for a period of up to 50 years) has stable prospects to maintain its position as a leading macroregion producer and supplier of energy, both electric and primary energy sources such as oil, gas, coal. At the same time, ensuring the sustainable operation of energy resources and electricity development and production is increasingly associated with the development of science, development of new technologies at all stages from searching and exploration to production and distribution. Among the main reasons one can name qualitative change in production technologies (output) (among them – «smart» network, hydrofracturing, liquefaction of gas, environmental requirements and related changes), and the characteristics of energy sources and energy production. According to the authors, these changes in a new way raise issues of connection with science – not only the creation of technologies, but also the inclusion of research activities in the main production cycle (it is impossible to develop universal solutions that meet the expanding range of conditions and requirements). In turn, these changes in a new way raise the issues of interaction of economic agents in the production (output) of energy and energy sources and its distribution. Changing such interactions involves a more thorough and precise adjustment of the institutional environment (rules, regulations and organizations associated with them). The trends mentioned in the article form the basis for the developed plan of Siberian branch of RAS strategic development in the context of support of Siberian socio-economic development.
Articles published in the colection were presented at an international scientific conference (name and specified on the cover). The texts contain the results of scientific work of autors in the field of science which is indicated on the cover/
The article describes clusters as a mechanism for economic growth and innovation in the region. The author considers the approach to the definition of a cluster as normative legal acts, and in the scientific literature, the advantages of cluster development are defined, and the cumulative effects of interaction between organizations within clusters are described. The information on the development institutions of clusters is presented on the example St. Petersburg.
The modern economy is on the way to a new technological order based on knowledge-intensive industries relying on digital technologies. This transition’s possible effects are yet to be sufficiently studied as they require thorough analysis and the use of the appropriate tools. Moreover, it is necessary to develop new indicators considering the specificity of the economy’s digitalization. The article presents a methodology for studying the phenomena of the digital economy and digital divide in Russian regions. Using the methodology, we developed new indicators, approaches and techniques for studying the changes at different levels of hierarchy and the effects of their impact. In the first block we established a composite indicator for studying regional imbalances in the development of digital economy. This indicator has several advantages as it takes into account the availability of the basic information and communication technologies and wired network services. In the second block we introduced the method of classifying the Russian regions by the level of digital technologies development. Differences in the mean values of variables across clusters allow determining the magnitude of the inequality in the technology’s dissemination between the groups of regions. In the third block we identified the key determinants of digital development and information inequality based on the panel data regression models. We built separate models for the information and communication technology accessibility index and its two sub-indices, assuming they were influenced by different and divergent factors. Defining the effective institutional mechanisms for digital development will determine the direction for boosting the competitiveness of the Russian regions and engage additional sources of economic growth. Furthermore, it will help increasing innovation activity and reducing the digital divide.
We consider the realization of the development strategy for the university in the context of global, national and regional trends. We show how the implementation of innovative forms of educational process and research work of teachers and students, co-operation with key partners are able to turn a new school in a leading regional university of socio-economic profile.
The innovation capacity of a system can be measured as the synergy in interactions among its parts. Synergy can be considered as a consequence of negative entropies among three parts of the system. We analyze the development of synergy value in the Norwegian innovation system in terms of mutual information among geographical, sectorial, and size distributions of firms. We use three different techniques for the evaluation of the evolution of synergy over time: rescaled range analysis, DFT, and geographical synergy decomposition. The data was provided by Statistics Norway for all Norwegian firms registered in the database between 2002 and 2014. The results suggest that the synergy at the level of both the country and its seven regions show non-chaotic oscillatory behavior which resonates in a set of natural frequencies. The finding of a set of frequencies implies a complex Triple-Helix structure, composed of many elementary triple helices, which can be theorized in terms of a fractal TH manifold.
It is determined that domination of subjective reasons in emergence of economic conflicts makes application of the theory of cycles not applicable to full-scale study of economic conflicts – application of this concept is expedient only as to economic crises that are one of a lot of manifestations of economic conflicts. It is probably that neglecting subjective (social) factors leads to the above contradictions of the theory of cycles and difference between its theoretical models and empirical data. Based on this conclusion, it is substantiated that methodology of studying socio-economic system through the prism of the theory of cycles is not applicable to economic conflicts; it is determined that development of the concept of economic conflicts can specify and improve the methodology of the theory of cycles.
This data book presents the results of statistical surveys characterising innovation processes in the Russian economy. The aggregates showing the level of development of technological and non-technological innovation were produced in accordance with modern international standards of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and Eurostat and are presented in dynamics. The publication contains statistical data reflecting the innovation activity in industry, services, construction and agriculture. Resource provision and innovation output, cooperation ties, economic, industrial and other factors hampering innovation are closely reviewed. A specific chapter deals with ecological innovation. Special sections are devoted to the characteristics of innovation activity in the regions of the Russian Federation and international comparisons covering a wide range of indicators.
The data book includes information of the Federal State Statistics Service, OECD, European Commission, Eurostat, national statistical agencies of foreign countries, and results of methodological and analytical studies conducted at HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.