Examination of the Effects of Personal and Purchasing Unit Characteristics on Types of Problems Experienced and Types of Contracts That Are Problematic
This paper provides a contribution to the knowledge of contract administration by examining the role of personal and organization characteristics in project success. The research described in this paper examines the effects that personal and organizational characteristics of procurement professionals have on project success, specifically on the frequency and severity of problems experienced for different types of contracts. The analysis is based on the data collected from a survey of National Institute of Government Purchasing (NIGP) members, conducted by Davison and Sebastian in 2011. The survey included questions on the frequency and severity of contract problems over a variety of contracts and questions related to the characteristics of the respondents and their organization. A set of personal and organizational characteristics (ex. organization type, current position, the length of service in procurement, the length of service in current position, highest level of education, certificates that respondent possesses, the approximate annual volume of purchases made by the respondent and his/her entire agency etc.) were analyzed with contingency tables methodology to examine any relationship to the frequency and severity of contract problems over a variety of contract types.
On December 25,2020, the second national Conference of researchers of economics, Business and society was held at the Higher School of Economics–Saint Petersburg. This event was associated with the discussion of academic and applied issues on the results and challenges that 2020 brought in various fields of science and practice: finance, economics, mathematics,education. The online conference was attended by researchers from universities in different Russian cities. Postgraduates and students from different universities, as well as practitioners from different fields of activity, contributed as co-authors. It is important that this event brought together all socially significant disciplines and became a platform for knowledge exchange, summing up the results of the year and building plans for future research. This collection contains abstracts of papers selected for participation in the conference program; selected articles are also included.
This article explores collaboration and visualization as promising tools for enhancing contract flexibility even while enhancing stability. Better collaboration seeks stronger communication among the contracting parties, their lawyers, and those who will implement the contact. The flexibility introduced could rebalance and better integrate the commercial, personal, and business relationships that comprise a contract. Visualization techniques enable those stronger communication patterns. By using graphic images in the various documents that comprise and support contracting, the process of creating those documents becomes more inclusive. Furthermore, the substance of contracting goals, terms, and underlying assumptions becomes more transparent and usable to broader segments of the commercial community.
The paper discusses anti-corruption effects of public procurement reforms in Russia.
The reform of budget sector’ entities enables us to compare the impact of different types of public procurement regulations in budget and autonomous organizations in Russia. Such analysis is important in the view of critical discussion on the effects of current procurement regulation (94-FL) as well as taking into account introducing of the Federal Contract System in 2014.
Using the differences in differences methodology we consider public procurements of two national universities in 2011-2012. All procurements of the first university were regulated by the 94-FL requirements. Procurements of the second university were regulated by the 94-FL until June 2011. Later this university introduced its own Procurements Provision. Comparative analysis of procurements of these organizations enables us to estimate the impact of the different types of regulations on the efficiency of public procurement measured by the level of competition and price decline in public tenders as well as timely execution of procurement contracts.
Corruption in government procurements remains to be one of grave problems in transition economies. A reaction to this problem in Russia came in 2005-2006 in form of a radical reform of government procurements. This paper analyses the main parameters of firms participating in government procurements before and after changes in regulation. Our analysis is based on the data of a survey of 957 manufacturing enterprises conducted in 2009. The questionnaire included queries about participation of firms in supplies to government orders, the extent of «kickback» in public procurement system etc. A similar survey with the same sampling was conducted in 2005, and this enabled us to construct a panel of 499 firms and to have a unique opportunity for a comparison of the situation before and after the radical change in the legislation. Our regression analysis confirmed the hypotheses that in 2005, firms with government stakes, old firms (established before 1992) and larger firms had advantages in access to government orders. Our analysis of the 2009 data showed a substantial growth in the share of firms participating in government procurements. As before, large firms retain their advantages in access to government orders. However for the old firms, the corresponding coefficient became insignificant. On the other hand, firms that are located in more developed Russian regions have obtained advantages in access to government orders. Our analysis of the 2009 data also revealed that factors of active modernization of the enterprises (presence of large-scale investment projects in 2005-2008, exports, ISO certification) had no influence on access of the firms to government orders. At the same time, the fact of having fulfilled government orders in 2004 has positive influence on participation of a firm in government procurements in 2008. Estimated scales of «kickback» in 2009 were practically the same. The results of our analysis enable us to conclude that principal goals of the radical reform in 2005 were never achieved. The conclusion of our paper examines of the reason for this situation and formulates policy implications.
On the example of advocacy support of National Population Census in 2010, some specifics features of public information projects under the existing regime of public procurement are considered.
The paper discusses anti-corruption effects of public procurement reforms in Russia
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.