Соблюдать или нарушать: внутренние мотивы академической этики
The paper summarizes the results of a three-year-long experiment in implementing a system of credits and student ratings at the Higher School of Economics. The main outcome of the experiment was the methodological development, organization and implementation of a subject credit system, a module system of studying, a grading system based on a 10-point system, and a rating system of student achievement.
ABSTRACT Employability of students is becoming one of the key measurements of education quality today. In the time of the transforming relationship between higher education and labour market the new kind of mentality, certain type of knowledge and skills are necessary to adjust to change and stay afloat. This paper examines the way students perceive and manage their employability, preparing for the transition from the higher education into the labour market. It is based on the study of 139 undergraduates of the National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Russia. The participants answered a questionnaire about their oncoming employability – how they approach and construct it, and what role they attribute to the higher educational setting in fostering it. So, the questions were categorised into three blocks: • labour market orientations; • labour market strategies; • evaluation of educational outcomes. The study revealed students’ general optimism and belief in their strengths. At the same time entrance into the labour market is viewed as a challenge. Hence, students appear to use strategic behaviour to increase the number of their “selling points”. Despite the respondents' positive thinking about the future on the labour market, they are less confident about the probability to find the job they like. Moreover, receiving employment overseas rather than on the domestic job market is preferred by a considerable number of the respondents. Besides, some employability qualities of the participants were found to be underdeveloped inside academia. Thus, educational and social policy should pay closer attention to employability enhancement and providing guarantees for graduate employment.
The book is devoted to the 70-y jubilee of Boris Youdin, on the leading Rusian philosophers
The materials of the scientific conference present the results of research activities of SPbSUE postgraduate students in 2017. They summarize the theoretical and practical issues of social and economic development of Russia at the present stage. Particular attention is paid to the objectives in the field of innovative development of the country, international cooperation, budgetary and tax policy of Russia and also to the realization of domestic enterprises’ competitive advantages in global economy. The ways of improving the strategic management of enterprises and the financial management system in organizations are explored as well as the development of various industries, housing construction and the introduction of information technology. In addition, features of legal regulation of economic activity, tasks in the field of logistics, accounting and auditing, social changes in modern society and theoretical aspects of institutional changes in Russian economy are taken into consideration. The materials might become an advantage to a wide range of readers interested in the problems of modern economy.
The controversial question of how J.M. Keyness early philosophical ideas influenced the essence and the method of his economic works, first and foremost The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money is under consideration in a broad historical context. Intellectual sources, basic ideas and concepts of Keyness logic of probability are presented in brief as well as major criticism of Keyness view.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.