Соблюдать или нарушать: внутренние мотивы академической этики
The paper summarizes the results of a three-year-long experiment in implementing a system of credits and student ratings at the Higher School of Economics. The main outcome of the experiment was the methodological development, organization and implementation of a subject credit system, a module system of studying, a grading system based on a 10-point system, and a rating system of student achievement.
ABSTRACT Employability of students is becoming one of the key measurements of education quality today. In the time of the transforming relationship between higher education and labour market the new kind of mentality, certain type of knowledge and skills are necessary to adjust to change and stay afloat. This paper examines the way students perceive and manage their employability, preparing for the transition from the higher education into the labour market. It is based on the study of 139 undergraduates of the National Research University - Higher School of Economics, Russia. The participants answered a questionnaire about their oncoming employability – how they approach and construct it, and what role they attribute to the higher educational setting in fostering it. So, the questions were categorised into three blocks: • labour market orientations; • labour market strategies; • evaluation of educational outcomes. The study revealed students’ general optimism and belief in their strengths. At the same time entrance into the labour market is viewed as a challenge. Hence, students appear to use strategic behaviour to increase the number of their “selling points”. Despite the respondents' positive thinking about the future on the labour market, they are less confident about the probability to find the job they like. Moreover, receiving employment overseas rather than on the domestic job market is preferred by a considerable number of the respondents. Besides, some employability qualities of the participants were found to be underdeveloped inside academia. Thus, educational and social policy should pay closer attention to employability enhancement and providing guarantees for graduate employment.
The book is devoted to the 70-y jubilee of Boris Youdin, on the leading Rusian philosophers
The materials of the scientific conference present the results of research activities of SPbSUE postgraduate students in 2017. They summarize the theoretical and practical issues of social and economic development of Russia at the present stage. Particular attention is paid to the objectives in the field of innovative development of the country, international cooperation, budgetary and tax policy of Russia and also to the realization of domestic enterprises’ competitive advantages in global economy. The ways of improving the strategic management of enterprises and the financial management system in organizations are explored as well as the development of various industries, housing construction and the introduction of information technology. In addition, features of legal regulation of economic activity, tasks in the field of logistics, accounting and auditing, social changes in modern society and theoretical aspects of institutional changes in Russian economy are taken into consideration. The materials might become an advantage to a wide range of readers interested in the problems of modern economy.
The controversial question of how J.M. Keyness early philosophical ideas influenced the essence and the method of his economic works, first and foremost The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money is under consideration in a broad historical context. Intellectual sources, basic ideas and concepts of Keyness logic of probability are presented in brief as well as major criticism of Keyness view.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.