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Article

Ad marginem socialitatis: логика войны Франсиско де Витория

Артикульт. 2014. № 13 (1). С. 10-25.

The article examines the argumentative strategies carried out by the Dominican theologist Francisco de Vitoria (c.ca 1483 - 1546) in his famous Relectiones theologicae. The study focuses upon the aporetic notion of the international sociability in Vitoria, making an attempt of a thorough investigation of the juridical and exegetical arguments in the treatise. This approach gives an opportunity to contrast Relectiones to the tradition of the historiographic apology of interventionism, on the one hand, and to the exegetical tradition of the justification of the king’s and Pope’s ‘rights’ on the discovered lands – on the other. It has been shown that we may consider the notion of the ‘just war’ (bellum justum) as a limit-concept, based on the paradoxical structure of ‘exclusion/ inclusion’ in the G. Agamben’s sense. Therefore, this category can be ranked among the numerous limit-concepts of the Early-modern jurisprudence and political theory, such as international sociability, state of exception, and state of nature.