Моделирование и экономическая оценка сценариев ограничения эмиссии парниковых газов в российской электроэнергетике до 2030 года
Problems connected with greenhouse gases decreasing have been considered. Researches showed that active economical measures to decrease greenhouse gases emission in electro energetic leads to the serious changes in the technological structure and to increasing of investment and value load in economics.
The article present of a model of sustainable development of the largest companies in the region and in the territory. The model allows evaluating the sustainable character of a company's development through comparison of the planned and real data, and to discover its non-balanced dynamics.
The article discusses the issues of sustainable development. The implementation of the sustainable development concept involves the integration of different levels of government and bringing the approach to the level of business and individual projects.A company may have a different degree of economic stability, the measurement of which can be accomplished through the analysis of the cost structure of the product sold, including the costs of maintaining the environment. Evaluation of the project can be carried out taking into account the levels of initiation and levels of its impact on sustainable development. We propose a method of evaluation that allows taking into account all three aspects: economic, social and environmental.In the process of assessing the sustainability of the project it is advisable to take into account the full life cycle.The article shows how to take into account the parameters that characterize the activity and the product produced by the asset. By themselves, the project or the circumstances of its implementation could result in your loss of stability of the system in which it is located. It is recommended to evaluate the loss of stability in private terms, and as a whole for the project — based on the calculation of the integral indicator.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.