Политический цикл власти: от легитимности до ненависти (на примере «Сказки о рыбаке и рыбке» А.С. Пушкина)
Legitimacy of power is directly linked to its ability to accumulate physical capital with a purpose of its subsequent distribution. The question of distribution, its fairness and proportionality, is just one of the key indicators of managerial abilities of the authorities. Specifically from this depends the duration of political cycle of the ruling elite, as well as the degree of dissent. The power finds itself in the state of dynamics: on the one hand, the presence of popular measures can provide its legitimacy, on the other hand, unpopular measures immediately destroy the power evoking the mechanisms of delegitimation. Using the method of political hermeneutics, by means of the text "The Fisherman and the Fish" by A.S. Pushkin, the author comes to the conclusion that the increase of claims of the authorities is gradually leading to the destruction of its support, which ultimately turns into a loss of its legitimacy. Extrapolation of this plot to the real political discourse also can be provided a huge number of examples where trust in government has been lost due to excessive concentration of the capital in the ruling elite.
This paper deals with the metaphoric representation of the concept cash in professional discourse. It is based on the analysis of conceptual metaphors in English written texts produced by students majoring in economics. The paper focuses on the metaphor as a means of verbalizing special knowledge in a professional type of economic discourse. A comprehensive analysis, applied by the author, contributes to the development of a metaphoric model of the concept cash.
The Working Paper examines the peculiarities of the Russian model of corporate governance and control in the banking sector. The study relies upon theoretical as well as applied research of corporate governance in Russian commercial banks featuring different forms of ownership. We focus on real interests of all stakeholders, namely bank and stock market regulators, bank owners, investors, top managers and other insiders. The Anglo-American concept of corporate governance, based on agency theory and implying outside investors’ control over banks through stock market, is found to bear limited relevance. We suggest some ways of overcoming the gap between formal institutions of governance and the real life.
The artcile presents nominations for interpersonal status of communicators in different types of intercultural discourse. These depend on the level of professional competence and range along the scale "naive - specific".
The chapter is based on the outcomes on empirical study in 5 small Russian towns. The process of building coalitions between municipal and business elites is discussed. Several types of coalitions are singled out and analyzed: coalitions with "our people", coalitions with "non-local", electoral coalitions, coalitions for personal gain, coalitions for the sake of the public good.
The research applied for research abilities of critical discourse analysis for new religious movements’ analysis. A long tradition of religion research in social sciences had a lot of theoretical issues. In this paper we show how theory is used for empirical survey.
The present book will be helpful resource for pre-intermediate level (A1-A2) people aimed to systematize their grammar knowledge, enlarge vocabulary and improve reading comprehension activities (scanning, skimming, intensive reading) in order to prepare for different types of exams.
The book includes authentic texts from French media and Intrenet sites accompanied by a set of questions, exercises and tests. Many of them are based on french and russian placement examination tasks.
The paper proposes a political and legal approach to conceptualizing modern democratic state as law-governed, social and secular. It defines legal, institutional, and socio-political characteristics of law-governed, social, and secular state.
This paper uses the banking industry case to show that the boundaries of public property in Russia are blurred. A messy state withdrawal in 1990s left publicly funded assets beyond direct reach of official state bodies. While we identify no less than 50 state-owned banks in a broad sense, the federal government and regional authorities directly control just 4 and 12 institutions, respectively. 31 banks are indirectly state-owned, and their combined share of state-owned banks’ total assets grew from 11% to over a quarter between 2001 and 2010. The state continues to bear financial responsibility for indirectly owned banks, while it does not benefit properly from their activity through dividends nor capitalization nor policy lending. Such banks tend to act as quasi private institutions with weak corporate governance. Influential insiders (top-managers, current and former civil servants) and cronies extract their rent from control over financial flows and occasional appropriation of parts of bank equity.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.