Определяя политическое зло
Criticizing and for the most part rejecting the most common approaches
to the connection between the problem of evil and the problem of political in
the modern political thought, S.Kaspe is looking for a way to build an operational
definition of political evil in a narrow and strict sense. The starting point
of his argument is the following: the essence of political evil can be understood
from the perspective of a notion of political rather than the concept of evil per
se (which should be viewed as an independent variable). Transfiguration of the
usual, human evil into political evil (i.e., systemic, structural) is possible due
to the deficit of efficiency of political institutions that normally prevent such
transformation as well as their hyper-efficiency that transcends the norm in
the other direction. In their turn, both of these institutional dysfunctions are
generated, according to the author, first and foremost by the attempts to ignore
or consciously eliminate ethical criteria that distinguish between good and evil.
As a result, ethics is replaced by the very same politics.