The article consifders the transportation priorities of Viktor Shklovsky demonstrated in his memoir book "Sentimental Journey" and justifies a hypothesis that the protagonist's usage of different means of transport correlates with the structure of the text, i. e. works as a trigger of narration.
The Polish memoirs of the interwar period help to understand how the Poles recalled the pre-revolutionary times by settling with the past after the collapse of the Russian Empire, establishment of the Bolshevik regime and the rebirth of independent Poland. These memoir narratives are crucial for the understanding of continuity in the Russian and Polish relations, including their inertial component as the stereotypes of mutual perception. The memoirists’ motivation was influenced by the politics of memory and some initiatives from the academic community. The situation in Poland favored the creation of a patriotically correct picture of the past. However, many authors viewed the Russian Empire not just in a negative way. Personal experience conflicted with influential stereotypes. The escape from the canon of “the fighting Poland” was the narration about the life of the Poles in the pre-revolutionary Russia as the history of their success in the implementation of civilizing mission. Not all the texts written by the representatives of the lower social layers met the expectations of memory contest organizers. A special branch of the Polish memoirs were testimonies of communists living in the USSR. The authors writing their memoirs in the interwar period perceived the uprising of 1863–1864 recognized then as the lower border of contemporary history as the earliest personal experience. Memories reflected intergenerational transit of data concerning the past, including the formation of historical perception of children. The number of texts and the degree of detail amplified closer to the World War I. One can talk about the existence of related but not identical images of Russia, the Russian government and the Russian people. Polish memoirs written both by political decision-makers and people from the remotest borderlands provide many important insights about the Russian Empire. They are of interest for Russianists, Slavists and Orientalists.
The book is the collection of documentary and memoir materials, dedicated to the 40th anniversary of the "Hamlet", the performance of the Taganka Theater .
This article explores the idea of the middle class on the memories of Francois Guizot. The idea is presented as a result of research and political activities of French thinker. Much attention is paid to the historical and intellectual context, as well as to the genetic connection of this idea with the preceding and subsequent traditions of its development.
The collective memory as the system of notions of a society about its history is of great interest to researchers. M. Halbwachs, P. Nora, J&A. Assmann and others emphasize that group consciousness not only plays an important role in self-identification of group members, but also strongly influences an individuals’ understanding of the past, even makes direct witnesses of the events reevaluate and adjust their memories as time passes.
The Korean War (1950-1953), which fixed the separation of the peninsula into two parts, is one of the most important pages of contemporary Korean history. Now when the reunification of the country is often discussed, it would be interesting to analyze literary texts (including fiction and memoirs as well) by South Korean and North Korean authors aiming 1) to disclose and compare the structure, the essence and sore points of the collective memory of South and North Koreans about the War, 2) to figure out the correlation between collective and individual memory about what happened.
Adversaries in a war surely offer conflicting explanations for the developments, but in case of a civil war or a war between parts of the same country, the forming of an unfavorable image of the adversary inevitably goes along with rewriting of the common history and changing of the society consciousness.
It is worth noting that in North Korean texts the war is presented as something well-organized, as a chain of planned and thought-out military operations against the enemy clearly identified, whereas South Koreans are not very enthusiastic about blaming the adversary or praising their army, they present the war as a chaos, pay more attention to the evil nature of war as well as to physical and moral traumas caused by it. It gives us a reason to consider that in case of hypothetical reunification South Korean discourse could stay quite viable in spite of some lack of the logic, which, in terms of psychology, can be explained by suppression of the most unwanted information.
Memoirs from meetings with Bernhard Töpfer and Peter Moraw.
The significance of memoir complex associated with the large Russian historians of the XX century, as an important historical source.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.