Толкование международных договоров и международный обычай в международном трудовом праве
The article analyzes the legal status of authentic interpretation of the international treaties in the matters of labour. Such acts should be treated as international custom if the state demonstrates its attitude to them as to legally binding instruments, i.e. opinio juris may be proven. Basing on the conclusions made, the author proposes his vision of conflict between the Constitutional Court of Russia and European Court of Human Rights concerning Konstantin Markin case. международный обычай, международное трудовое право, акты аутентичного толкования; МОТ; Европейский суд по правам человека; дело Константина Маркина.
The author analyzes the activities of the European Court of Human Rights, from the standpoint of the theory of the legal process. Based on this analysis, the author introduces the concept of the «process of the European Court of Human Rights», reveals the goal of this process and formulates his definition.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.