Post-Soviet Integration and the Interaction of Functional Bureaucracies
This paper focuses on post-Soviet regional integration as a special case where integration projects are established by countries that originally comprised a single political entity after its collapse. It shows that in this framework the existing economic ties between countries are likely to affect adversely the interest of functional bureaucracy to support regional integration given that cutting existing connections is often more promising from the point of view of the budget expansion. Hence, the interaction of national and supranational bureaucracies is unlikely to generate impetus for increasing regional cooperation, which, surprisingly, can, however, be supported by adverse economic shocks. The results are validated using the experience of two ‘low-level politics’ sectors of interaction in the post-Soviet space: electricity and transportation.
The author considers the hypothesis that under certain circumstances mistrust acts as the driving force for political development whereas trust, especially in its essential paternalistic forms, preserves the unsatisfactory status quo. The problem analyses as a part of general trend in the contemporary world towards declining prestige of public institutions and taking into account the Russian specifics.
This collection includes scientific reports presented for participation in the International Conference: "The Evolution of the Global Trade System: problems and prospects" which took place on October 20-22, 2016 in St.Petersburg
This collection of papers is a combined initiative of EPF member think tanks and is the result of two round-table discussions under the Regional Integration research stream. The first event, ‘Drivers of Regional Integration’, took place in Cape Town, 25-27 November 2014; the second, ‘Regional Integration and Regional Value Chains’ was held in Moscow, 21 May 2015.
This chapter is devoted to the study of performative solidarities (Alexander 2006, 2008) which became an important part of the discourses on identity and historic heritage in the post-Soviet countries and the process of value change. The mechanism of emergence of such discourses and their course and consequences are studied in Russia and Estonia.
The article concerns the problem of the Russian absolutist monarchy of the XVIII - the beginning of XX-th centuries in a comparative perspective. The social function of absolutism consisted in national integration, cultural unification and social transformation of traditional society by using of legal and coercive measures. The crucial problem is the changing role of the bureaucracy which could be the main protagonist of reforms or, just the opposite – its main opponent. From this point of view the author summarizes positive and negative aspects of absolutist reforms making outlook on the comparative experience of other absolutist empires of Europe and Asia.
The collapse of the socialist system prompted the former USSR countries to “re-invent” their stateness. The paper focuses on factors that impede or smooth stateness transformations in post-Soviet countries. First, the paper examines internal and external factors of state formation in selected countries. Next, it introduces empirical research tools and empirical findings that present alternative patterns of stateness and outcomes of state formation. The paper concludes with a detailed review of certain cases that may be considered prototypes of state formation for post-Soviet countries.
This publication, prepared by an international team of authors, is a study of economic integration processes in the Eurasian region and is one of the first works containing a multilateral analysis of the norms of regional trade agreements concluded with the participation of states of the Eurasian region (in particular, the Eurasian Economic Union), in the context of membership States in the World Trade Organization and international trade relations with third countries. The study covers issues of interaction between the norms of international economic and national law of the states of the region, practical issues of the Eurasian Economic Commission, such as anti-dumping investigations or issues of sanitary and phytosanitary regulation. The subject of the study was the relationship between the norms of international trade and environmental law, as well as the regulation of energy trade with the participation of states of the Eurasian region. This publication is intended for researchers, graduate students and students studying international trade law and international economic relations, practicing lawyers working in the field of foreign trade, and all interested in international economic law.