Phonetic encoding method in the isolated words recognition problem
A phonetic approach to the problem of automatic recognition of isolated words is investigated.The phonetic encoding method whereby each word from a vocabulary is associated with the code sequenceof stable phonemes is proposed. The informationtheoretical estimate of vocabulary confusability, the calcuations of which rely on the phonetic database of a speaker and the communications channel SNR, is synthesized using the Kullback–Leibler divergence properties. In the experimental study of the proposed method,the mutual influence between the recognition quality and the proposed estimate of confusability is demonstrated by solving the problem of recognition of words in the Russian speech. It is established that the introduced requirement to isolated syllable pronunciation makes it possible to attain the 90–95% accuracy of recognition for vocabularies containing 2000 words.
The definition of a phoneme as a fuzzy set of minimal speech units from the model database is proposed. On the basis of this definition and the Kullback-Leibler minimum information discrimination principle the novel phoneme recognition algorithm has been developed as an enhancement of the phonetic decoding method. The experimental results in the problems of isolated vowels recognition and word recognition in Russian are presented. It is shown that the proposed method is characterized by the increase of recognition accuracy and reliability in comparison with the phonetic decoding method
In this article, we focus on the isolated voice command recognition for autonomous man-machine and intelligent robotic systems. We propose to create a grammar model for a small testing command set with self-loops for each state to return blank symbols for noise and out-of-vocabulary words. In addition, we use single arc connected beginning and ending of the grammar in order to filter unknown commands. As a result, the grammar is resistant to distortions and unexpected words near or inside of command. We implemented the proposed approach using Finite State Transducers in the Kaldi framework and examined it using self-recorded noised data with various level of signal-to-noise ratio. We compared recognition accuracy and average decision-making time of our approach with the state-of-the-art continuous speech recognition engines based on language models. It was experimentally shown that our approach is characterized by up to 60% higher accuracy than conventional offline speech recognition methods based on language models. The speed of utterance recognition is 3 times higher than speed of traditional continuous speech recognition algorithms.
The paper considers the phoneme recognition by facial expressions of a speaker in voice-activated control systems. We have developed a neural network recognition algorithm by using the phonetic words decoding method and the requirement for isolated syllable pronunciation of voice commands. The paper presents the experimental results of viseme (facial and lip position corresponding to a particular phoneme) classification of Russian vowels. We show the dependence of the classification accuracy on the used classifier (multilayer feed-forward network, support vector machine, k-nearest neighbor method), image features (histogram of oriented gradients, eigenvectors, SURF local descriptors) and the type of camera (built-in or Kinect one). The best accuracy of speaker-dependent recognition is shown to be 85% for a built-in camera and 96% for Kinect depth maps when the classification is performed with the histogram of oriented gradients and the support vector machine.
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence, PReMI 2017,held in Kolkata, India, in December 2017.
The total of 86 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 293 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: pattern recognition and machine learning; signal and image processing; computer vision and video processing; soft and natural computing; speech and natural language processing; bioinformatics and computational biology; data mining and big data analytics; deep learning; spatial data science and engineering; and applications of pattern recognition and machine intelligence.
In this paper we consider the automatic emotions recognition problem, especially the case of digital audio signal processing. We consider and verify an approach in which the classification of a sound fragment is reduced to the problem of image recognition. The waveform and spectrogram are used as a visual representation of the image. The computational experiment was done based on Radvess open dataset including 8 different emotions: "neutral", "calm", "happy," "sad," "angry," "scared", "disgust", "surprised". The best accuracy result was 64%, which was produced by a combination of “|spectrogram + convolution neural network VGG-11”
A model for organizing cargo transportation between two node stations connected by a railway line which contains a certain number of intermediate stations is considered. The movement of cargo is in one direction. Such a situation may occur, for example, if one of the node stations is located in a region which produce raw material for manufacturing industry located in another region, and there is another node station. The organization of freight traﬃc is performed by means of a number of technologies. These technologies determine the rules for taking on cargo at the initial node station, the rules of interaction between neighboring stations, as well as the rule of distribution of cargo to the ﬁnal node stations. The process of cargo transportation is followed by the set rule of control. For such a model, one must determine possible modes of cargo transportation and describe their properties. This model is described by a ﬁnite-dimensional system of diﬀerential equations with nonlocal linear restrictions. The class of the solution satisfying nonlocal linear restrictions is extremely narrow. It results in the need for the “correct” extension of solutions of a system of diﬀerential equations to a class of quasi-solutions having the distinctive feature of gaps in a countable number of points. It was possible numerically using the Runge–Kutta method of the fourth order to build these quasi-solutions and determine their rate of growth. Let us note that in the technical plan the main complexity consisted in obtaining quasi-solutions satisfying the nonlocal linear restrictions. Furthermore, we investigated the dependence of quasi-solutions and, in particular, sizes of gaps (jumps) of solutions on a number of parameters of the model characterizing a rule of control, technologies for transportation of cargo and intensity of giving of cargo on a node station.
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
The geographic information system (GIS) is based on the first and only Russian Imperial Census of 1897 and the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926. The GIS features vector data (shapefiles) of allprovinces of the two states. For the 1897 census, there is information about linguistic, religious, and social estate groups. The part based on the 1926 census features nationality. Both shapefiles include information on gender, rural and urban population. The GIS allows for producing any necessary maps for individual studies of the period which require the administrative boundaries and demographic information.
Existing approaches suggest that IT strategy should be a reflection of business strategy. However, actually organisations do not often follow business strategy even if it is formally declared. In these conditions, IT strategy can be viewed not as a plan, but as an organisational shared view on the role of information systems. This approach generally reflects only a top-down perspective of IT strategy. So, it can be supplemented by a strategic behaviour pattern (i.e., more or less standard response to a changes that is formed as result of previous experience) to implement bottom-up approach. Two components that can help to establish effective reaction regarding new initiatives in IT are proposed here: model of IT-related decision making, and efficiency measurement metric to estimate maturity of business processes and appropriate IT. Usage of proposed tools is demonstrated in practical cases.