Методы оценки показателя эффективности в моделях стохастической производственной границы.
This paper discusses the problems of modeling efficiency of firms. There are two the most popular methods to estimate efficiency of firms: DEA (data envelopment analysis) and SFA (stochastic frontier analysis), and popularity of the last one is fast growing. There are a lot of different SFA models, so most researches often choose in advance one or two models, which they are going to estimate. So survey of different SFA models is one of goals of this paper.
We discuss 15 popular SFA models. Also we discuss problems of SFA models and their prospects. In our paper we compare models, estimated by classical method of moments (MoM), and models, estimated by maximum likelihood approach (MML). Today there are no such papers, so we try to discuss pros and cons of using method of moments approach in SFA models. Interesting, that this method is very unpopular today, but its’ estimates are asymptotical normal and consistent.
Because there are no formal criteria to compare different SFA models, we investigate the estimation results from 9 SFA models on the concrete industry data. We use correlation analysis of estimates of efficiency ranks and also we try to find out the causes of the most serious differences between models.
In the present paper we have hypothesized an explanation for the fact that the evaluation
of the social impact of law is modeled predominantly by the economic efficiency concept.
Considering the early stages of the concept’s development, we try to make it more
intelligible to the European lawyers.
Electron bunching processes in a carcinotrode (backward_wave oscillator with self_modulation of electron emission) operating in the high_efficiency regime determined previously are investigated. The possibility of obtaining an efficiency of about 80% is explained from the physical viewpoint.
The main purpose of this monograph is to identify the key factors of risk man- agement efficiency of firm, whose management is able to increase the investment attractiveness of the business in general, as well as the formation of an effective or- ganizational risk management model that allows, on the one hand - to provide reliable protection for companies against unexpected losses, on the other hand - to make a risk management tool for the creation of corporate value. This monograph presents the organization of risk management in accordance with the latest regulatory require- ments. In the monograph authors provide a developed methods for evaluating the effectiveness of existing mechanisms of risk management, based on a representative theoretical review of the scientific literature of leading researchers in the field of risk management and internal control. In addition, an algorithm for evaluating the econom- ic and investment efficiency of the risk management is given, that takes into account the existing methods of performance evaluation, as well as recommendations on the organization of internal compliance as a tool ensuring the consistency of individual and corporate interests of the company. Most of the conclusions and positions pre- sented in the book, confirmed by empirical calculations on the example of Russian and international companies.
We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.
We consider the spaces of functions on the m-dimensional torus, whose Fourier transform is p -summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of the exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase. The results generalize to the multidimensional case the one-dimensional results obtained by the author earlier in “Quantitative estimates in the Beurling—Helson theorem”, Sbornik: Mathematics, 201:12 (2010), 1811 – 1836.
We consider the spaces of function on the circle whose Fourier transform is p-summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase.