Особенности организации мониторингов учебных достижений в странах мира: национальная программа оценки SIMCE в Чили.
The article examines main elements of the national assessment program SIMCE in Chile. Among these elements are goals of the SIMCE, users of assessment results, information dissemination strategy, forms of information, information products and their characteristics.
The article examines main elements of the national assessment program NAEP (The National Assessment of Educational Progress) in USA. Among these elements are goals of the SIMCE, users of assessment results, information dissemination strategy, forms of information, information products and their characteristics.
The article examines main types of assessment programs (classroom assessment, public exams, large-scale assessment), presents some examples from international and Russian experience. Moreover, in the article discusses actual scientific and practical problems which should be taking into account within development effective system of education quality assessment.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.