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Article

Буддистские храмы Бурятии: от России к Тибету

The paper proposes the periodization of the Buryat Buddhist architecture and main characteristics of its different stages. In 1750–1850 the architectural forms combined Russian techniques and features with some elements of construction practice of adjacent Mongolian lands. At the same time the iconography was influenced by mandalas, symbolical representations of Tibetan sacred places. In 1850–1900 Buryat patrons and builders resolutely turned to Far-eastern Buddhist tradition and gradually abandon Russian techniques. Syncretizing Chinese and Tibetan forms, Buryat temples became similar to contemporary Mongolian and even more Eastern Tibetan buildings. Finally, in 1900–1930, the development of historical views towards architecture stimulated a new conscious approach, involving both respect for Buryat’s own traditions and inspiration from Central Tibetan models, when iconography and specific forms of these holy buildings were accurately reproduced.