Возможности обобщения процессов аналитической иерархии при выборе решения по многим критериям для оптимизации цепей поставок
In this paper a new format of the procedures for determining the best solution is presented to solve multicriteria optimization problems in the supply chain. This format includes: 1) modifying parameters of the particular criteria, taking into account the attitude of decision maker (DM) to such indicators and the importance of the attitude of DM to criteria themselves (which is implemented using a comparison procedures developed for the analytic hierarchy process); 2) implementation of procedures for the selection on the basis of the traditional theory of selection criteria (which corresponds to the synthesis procedures, analytical hierarchy process method with the traditional theory of optimization procedures). Illustrations of the proposed approach to the modification of the selection procedures are given for the problem related to optimizing the locations of the warehouse and its form of ownership. It is shown that the presented approach to optimization solutions will expand the available arsenal of methods for selecting managers that will give an opportunity to improve the quality of decisions due to better adapt them to the preferences of the decision maker.
The increase of supply chains efficiency requires optimization of all types of logistic operations and functions. One of such functions is a choice of intermediaries (carriers, freight forwarders, suppliers, service enterprises etc.). The article discusses the analytical and expert approaches which serve as a basis to choose the intermediaries; along with it, in the article a comparative evaluation of choice expert methods is done: point-rating assessment, analytic hierarchy process and the general algorithm for selecting; the conclusions have been drawn about the applicability of each method
The Modeling of problem situations is a very important issue in decision-making theory. Actually, there are no decision support systems which include decision making methods under risk and uncertainty. The main advantage of proposed approach is ability to process dependences and feedbacks which may exist between conditions, sub-conditions and their realizations.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
In this research, which is important for the applications of logistics and supply chain operation, task of choosing a vehicle is considered as the multicriteria optimization problem. On the example of a simplified model of the car choice it is shown that in solving this type of problems by the traditional methods of the multicriteria optimization theory, managers always need to consider the specifics descibed in the paper.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management