Возможности обобщения процессов аналитической иерархии при выборе решения по многим критериям для оптимизации цепей поставок
In this paper a new format of the procedures for determining the best solution is presented to solve multicriteria optimization problems in the supply chain. This format includes: 1) modifying parameters of the particular criteria, taking into account the attitude of decision maker (DM) to such indicators and the importance of the attitude of DM to criteria themselves (which is implemented using a comparison procedures developed for the analytic hierarchy process); 2) implementation of procedures for the selection on the basis of the traditional theory of selection criteria (which corresponds to the synthesis procedures, analytical hierarchy process method with the traditional theory of optimization procedures). Illustrations of the proposed approach to the modification of the selection procedures are given for the problem related to optimizing the locations of the warehouse and its form of ownership. It is shown that the presented approach to optimization solutions will expand the available arsenal of methods for selecting managers that will give an opportunity to improve the quality of decisions due to better adapt them to the preferences of the decision maker.
The increase of supply chains efficiency requires optimization of all types of logistic operations and functions. One of such functions is a choice of intermediaries (carriers, freight forwarders, suppliers, service enterprises etc.). The article discusses the analytical and expert approaches which serve as a basis to choose the intermediaries; along with it, in the article a comparative evaluation of choice expert methods is done: point-rating assessment, analytic hierarchy process and the general algorithm for selecting; the conclusions have been drawn about the applicability of each method
The Modeling of problem situations is a very important issue in decision-making theory. Actually, there are no decision support systems which include decision making methods under risk and uncertainty. The main advantage of proposed approach is ability to process dependences and feedbacks which may exist between conditions, sub-conditions and their realizations.
For the first time the new approach to effective modification of traditional criteria of multi-criteria optimization in supply chain management and logistics systems is offered. The approach uses processes of analytical hierarchy. It is illustrated as expansion of toolkit of decision-making accessible to the manager, and opening possibilities of elimination of undesirable phenomena of an inadequate choice in a format of multi-criteria problems in logistics.
In this research, which is important for the applications of logistics and supply chain operation, task of choosing a vehicle is considered as the multicriteria optimization problem. On the example of a simplified model of the car choice it is shown that in solving this type of problems by the traditional methods of the multicriteria optimization theory, managers always need to consider the specifics descibed in the paper.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management