Регулирование цен на услуги завершения вызова на сеть телефонного оператора: антитраст или тарифное регулирование?
The need for transmission and storage of large amounts of scientific data in the project space radio telescope ”Radioastron” required us to organize a reliable communication channel between the tracking station in Pushchino and treatment centers in Moscow. Network management data requires us to an integrated approach and covers the organization secure access to manage network devices, timely replacement of equipment and software upgrades, backups, as well as documentation of the network infrastructure. The reliability of the channel is highly dependent on continuous monitoring of network and server equipment and communication lines.
The publication contains materials of the conference dedicated scientific-technical problems in the field of Radioelectronics, telecommunications and computer engineering.
The publication is intended for researchers, engineers and graduate students.
ICUMT is an annual international congress providing an open forum for researchers, engineers, network planners and service providers targeted on newly emerging algorithms, systems, standards, services, and applications, bringing together leading international players in telecommunications, control systems, automation and robotics. The event is positioned as a major international annual congress for the presentation of original and fundamental research and engineering results.
Many antitrust cases in Russia continue to be a challenge for the assessment of competition policy. The question is that the impact of several antitrust decisions is rather questionable because of poor legal and economic proceeding. In fact, one of the key factors of the antitrust enforcement quality is the way of decision making by the judges in antitrust cases. This project proposal investigates the factors, affecting final antitrust cases results as the key element of the competition policy’s tools in Russia – antitrust regulation. Using a unique dataset of the appeals of infringement decisions from 2008-2012 this paper empirically examines the impact of competition policy instruments on national economy; development of the criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of antitrust policy; analysis of data on facts influencing the final court decision of antitrust investigations against Russian companies.
The research is devoted to the analysis of reasons and risks of use of the essential facilities doctrine in Russian antitrust policy. Basing on the comparative analysis of the US and European experience it is shown that the results of the doctrine application depend very much on the legal system. According to the considered cases Russian experience of following the principles of the Doctrine in antitrust cases against natural monopolies is quite successful. However, the efficiency of the instrument becomes questionable when it is used outside of the infrastructure sectors due to the high probability of errors of law enforcement.
The article suggests the integration of a neural network as a parallel element base in a telecommunication system. In this case, the ability to learn or adapt to external conditions is applied as the main advantage. For telecommunication systems in conditions when it is possible, this ability will improve noise immunity, reliability, operability, etc. The article considers an example of the integration of a neural network into a discrete matched signal filter. It is noted that the use of parallel mathematical methods in signal processing leads to the maximum effect of increasing the quality parameters of such telecommunication elements
Economic analysis is an important tool for the modern antitrust. This article provides an empirical study of its role in the Russian antitrust law enforcement practice in order to answer the following question: Has the understanding of the usefulness and importance of economic analysis in the Russian antitrust been achieved, or has economic analysis been applied formally? The study is based on the sample of official records on published decisions by the Supreme Court of Arbitration of the Russian Federation, created specifically for this research.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.